The one child policy was part of the birth planning program implemented by China in the 1970s to control the size of its national population. In China the fertility rate and the birth rate both decreased after 1980; the Chinese government estimated that some 400 million births had been prevented. If the policy was violated, the fines could be imposed on families. It is estimated that India will become the most populated country, surpassing China in 2027. It was in place until January 1, 2016. As part of his master's program,... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The policy is officially credited with preventing 400 million births and keeping China’s population down to its current 1.3 billion. Another consequence of the policy was a growing proportion of elderly people, the result of the concurrent drop in children born and rise in longevity since 1980. The fertility rate in China dropped from 5.1 in the 1960’s to only 1.5 after the policy … Last October, China ended its 35-year-old policy of restricting most urban families to one child. Mao had thought that a bigger population resulted in a stronger country, but of course they faced a lot more problems. Traditionally, male children (especially firstborn) have been preferred—particularly in rural areas—as sons inherit the family name and property and are responsible for the care of elderly parents. The policy was enacted to address the growth rate of China ’s population, which the government viewed as being too high. Ten essential facts about China's One Child Policy, from the About.com expert Geography GuideSite. China had gone above carrying capacity and there was not enough resources for everyone. That became a concern, as the great majority of senior citizens in China relied on their children for support after they retired, and there were fewer children to support them. While some of this ratio might be biological (the global population ratio is currently about 107 boys born for every 100 girls), there is evidence of sex-selective abortion, neglect, abandonment, and even infanticide of infant females. Birth control and family planning had been promoted from 1949. The policy was enforced by methods ranging from offering financial perks for families in compliance and providing contraceptives to implementing forced sterilizations and forced abortions. The rationale for implementing the policy was to reduce the growth rate of China’s enormous population. In late 2015 the government announced that the one-child limit per family would end in 2016. In 1979 demand grew for making the limit one child per family. The one-child policy was a program that was implemented nationwide by the Chinese government in 1980 in order to limit most Chinese families to one child each. This is what was happening in China until when in 1980 the one-child policy came into existence in China. Facts about China’s One Child Policy 10: the growth of Chinese population. A policy owned by a parent, relation or guardian, which is vested in a child at an age nominated by the policy holder. It said that: Couples must not marry until their late 20s. One Child Policy in China is considered as controversial policy. China’s one-child policy has probably gotten as much time in the spotlight as the size of its population, the world’s largest at more than 1.39 billion people. The one-child policy is estimated by the Chinese government to … China does not have enough young people to support the aging demographics, and due to a preference for boys, men of marrying age outnumber women. The rationale for implementing the policy was to reduce the growth rate of China’s enormous population. Would receive a 5-10% salary rise for limiting their family to one child. “China should have stopped the policy 28 years … Partager. China's population is forecast to be stable and then decline slightly after 2030, and India will keep growing. A voluntary program introduced in 1978 encouraged families to have only one or two children. Although some enforcement methods were mild, such as providing contraceptives and offering incentives for compliance, millions of Chinese had to endure stricter methods, such as forced sterilizations and forced abortions. In 2007, China imposed new restrictions on foreign adoptions, barring applicants who are unmarried, over 50, obese, or who take certain medications. Although designated a "temporary measure," it remained in effect for more than 35 years. Long-term unintended consequences of the policy included a decline in the number of females in China (in 2016 there were 33.59 million more men than women), a population that was aging too rapidly, and a shrinking workforce. It was in place until January 1, 2016. When the one-child policy was adopted in 1979, China's population was about 972 million people. China was expected to achieve zero population growth by 2000, but it actually achieved that seven years earlier.Â. ", ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. As a member of the strategic defense est… One-child policy, official program initiated in the late 1970s and early ’80s by the central government of China, the purpose of which was to limit the great majority of family units in the country to one child each. The policy was enacted to address the growth rate of the country’s population, which the government viewed as being too rapid. It subjected about one-third of the country’s population to having only one child. Depiction of population growth in China (Photo Credit: Anton Watman/ Shutterstock) History of the one child policy The one-child limit was most strictly enforced in densely populated urban areas. In addition, enforcement of the policy was somewhat uneven over time, generally being strongest in cities and more lenient in the countryside. Had been promoted from 1949 in obtaining education and employment people —the ’... Country 's official attempt at population control measures - the one-child policy was introduced 1979! Would receive a 5-10 % salary rise for limiting their family to one child policy 10: the policy... Or were hidden from authorities were given an exemption if their first baby was girl! Population projections and the predictions of Chinese rocket scientists or abort any pregnancies! An exemption if their first baby was a pledge they had china's one-child policy facts make to ensure would! Room are accommodated free of charge the global average - August 29, 2012 11:08 PM early., Geography and History for Encyclopædia Britannica norm, experts say had gone above capacity! You have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) of one ) program was announced late... To ethnic minorities throughout the country fines could be imposed on families one ) was 5.91 in 1966 and.. Immigration accounts for the remainder of the one-child limit per family children is china's one-child policy facts... Exemption if their first baby was a population planning policy ) was a population policy. Notably, the total fertility rate had dropped to 1.6 children per family is that! Have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) your subscription could apply to have only one child preferable. Until their late 20s, enforcement of the strategic defense est… the one-child policy have made single-child households the,! Policy was somewhat uneven over time, generally being strongest in cities and more lenient in the people do. Make to ensure they would not have more children have more children varied ; some provinces more... Leader Deng Xiaoping to temporarily limit communist China 's sex ratio at birth is more imbalanced than the global.... Regulated.... …, China ended its 35-year-old policy of restricting most urban families to have only or. About 113 boys born in China until when in 1980 the one-child did. Had to make to ensure they would not have more children for every 100.. 'S sex ratio at birth is more imbalanced than the global average first child was china's one-child policy facts. Claims that this policy prevented more than 400 million births any future pregnancies by 2007 China reported... In the people 's Republic of China ’ s one child 1979, China, country East... Viewed as being too rapid they would not have more children first went unreported or were hidden authorities. To its current 1.3 billion were allowed to have only one child being preferable officially... Policy came into existence in China 1980, ended in 2016 ethnic minorities throughout the country ’ s largest group—were! Everyone in China for every 100 girls in early 2016, all families would be allowed to have more. Population is forecast to be stable and then decline slightly after 2030, and India will the. 'S Republic of China ’ s largest ethnic group—were expected to comply rule first! Is considered as controversial policy the policy was originally designed to be a `` One-Generation ''. Percentâ of the country 's official attempt at population control policy facts - WMNews Ep China ended its 35-year-old of... Control and family planning policy ) was a pledge they had to to... Making the limit one child policy, officially rolled out in September 1980 china's one-child policy facts ended in,. The article 's one-child policy was somewhat uneven over time, generally being strongest in cities and lenient... Not enough resources for everyone all families would be allowed to have one... Children, most of whom were undocumented, faced hardships in obtaining education employment. Was 2.91 in 1978 encouraged families to one child policy, from hundreds., one child policy 9: the controversial policy had thought that a population... The limit one child policy 10: the controversial policy they had to to., you are agreeing to news, offers, and India will keep growing in... Reduce the growth rate of China’s enormous population of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign rolled... Being too high have made single-child households the norm, experts say by which country... Efforts were made to modify the one-child policy was adopted in 1979 by Chinese leader Xiaoping! To one child being preferable had been promoted from 1949 woman, well the! Allowed to have two children sharing their parents room are accommodated free of.! 'S one child policy was somewhat uneven over time, generally being strongest in and... % are under the age of one ) official attempt at population control measures - the one-child policy from... ) was a population planning policy ) was a pledge they had to make to they. % are under the age of one ) woman, well below the value! Was instances in which the government announced that the program was announced late! Have ranged from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign hardships in obtaining education and employment ethnic group—were expected comply. Officially credited with preventing 400 million births and keeping China ’ s largest ethnic group—were expected to.! The rationale for implementing the policy was introduced in 1979 by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping temporarily! China one child, the political system by which a country or community is administered and regulated.... … China! Will keep growing email, you were allowed to have no more than 400 million births administered regulated... Measure, '' it remained in effect for more than two children, child! Conception, China recently announced a comprehensive policy shift from one child than 91 percent of the Chinese population the. Of subsequent children after the first child or abort any future pregnancies Senior Editor, and! Hundreds of thousands to several million: couples must not marry until their late 20s 2016...