Her aunt Adel is the subject of two of the paintings at issue. Maria Altmann was a beautiful bride of only four months when the Gestapo came knocking. “Believe me, there were no … Maria Altmann was a 21-year-old newlywed when the Gestapo seized her husband, Fritz, and sent him to the Dachau concentration camp in an effort to force his brother to … “If you go down on the ground and you look up, it changes the whole picture because of the overlay of the gold leaf; you can see the textures differently.”. She filed a lawsuit in 2000 under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA) in the United States District Court for the Central District of California which came to be known as ‘Republic of Austria v. Altmann’. Altmann had just returned from her Paris honeymoon with her husband, Fritz. Adele herself died of meningitis in 1925 at the age of 44. The paintings, an artwork of Austrian symbolist painter Gustav Klimt, were commissioned by Altmann’s uncle Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer which included two portraits of his wife. Maria Altmann, at her home in Los Angeles on Jan. 9, 2004, stands before a poor reproduction of famed Austrian painter Gustav Klimt's "The Portrait of Adele Bloch Bauer I." The second portrait, painted five years later, shows a more matronly Adele, body covered up to her neck, and her luscious black hair is concealed beneath a hat, suggesting that any hot, passionate feelings the artist may have had for Adele had likely fizzled out. Republic of Austria v. Altmann, 541 U.S. 677 (2004), was a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act, or FSIA, applies retroactively. “They now say Austria was a victim of the Nazis,” Altmann said. Maria Altmann's story has been recounted in three documentary films. Will Ant Anstead Be Spending Christmas Alone? siblings: Karl David Bloch-Bauer People als, Leopold Bentley, Luise Gutmann, Robert Bentley, See the events in life of Maria Altmann in Chronological Order. In 1937, Maria married Fredrick ("Fritz") Altmann. In terms of money this marked the highest single return of artwork in Austria looted by the Nazis. Fritz was released, then put on house arrest for three months up until his escape. She later filed a case under FSIA in the United States District Court for the Central District of California, which was ruled in her favour. “They now say Austria was a victim of the Nazis,” Altmann said. Documentaries. Altmann remembered her aunt, Adele’s grand house that was embellished with tapestries, pictures, fine porcelain collection and stylish furniture. He left a will, revoking all prior wills, and leaving his entire estate to one nephew and two nieces, including Maria Altmann. Less than a year earlier, Maria Bloch-Bauer, Adele and Ferdinand’s niece, married Frederick “Fritz” Altmann, and became Maria Altmann. Copyright © 2020 SheKnows Media, LLC, a subsidiary of Penske Business Media, LLC. The Gestapo took it and Fritz was briefly detained in Dachau, but was ransomed by his brother. US attorney and genealogist E Randol Schoenberg who took up Altmann’s case is the grandson of the composer. Maria Altmann was a beautiful bride of only four months when the Gestapo came knocking. The movie, starring Helen Mirren and Ryan Reynolds, begins with the Nazi takeover of Austria in 1938. “My mother got mad and said, ‘How dare you ask such a thing? In 1937, Maria married Fredrick ("Fritz") Altmann. He issued a number of articles on the ownership of the five paintings in 1998. She is a niece, and the sole surviving named heir, of Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer, who died in Zurich, Switzerland, on November 13, 1945. Adele’s niece, Maria, married an opera singer named Fredrick Altmann in 1937. Altmann was left with only memories of the paintings, as they were stolen when the Nazis took over Austria in 1938. After the Nazis invaded Austria in 1938, Fredrick was held at Dachau concentration camp in an effort to put pressure on his brother, Bernhard Altmann, to allow Germans to take over his booming textile factory. A biographical film ‘Woman in Gold’ (2015) was made on her where Tatiana Maslany and Helen Mirren portrayed her younger and older versions respectively. Fritz and Maria were married December 9, 1937 in Vienna. Ferdinand died in Switzerland in November 1945. Her uncle, Czech sugar magnate, Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer, and his wife, Adele, were closely associated with the circle of artists of Vienna Succession movement that Austrian symbolist painter Gustav Klimt aided in establishing in 1897. 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