The campaign began with the Battles of Lexington and Concord on April 19, 1775, in which the local colonial militias interdicted a British government attempt to seize military stores and leaders in Concord, Massachusetts. re-supplying them by sea. This land becomes what we know today as Pennsylvania. The British captured Bunker Hill and Breed's Hill during the Battle of Bunker Hill in June, 1775, in a very costly action which lost over a thousand men killed or wounded. Get your Favorite Flag on a coffee mug. Soon after makes 1 million livres in cash available. During the War of 1812, the Heights were refortified and occupied against potential British invasion. tony175 tony175 11/14/2017 History Middle School +5 pts. the ground was frozen, so digging was impossible. March 2, 1776 - The Battle of the Rice Boats begins March 3, 1779 - Patriots lose the Battle of Brier Creek March 4, 1776 - George Washington takes Dorchester Heights March 5, 1770 - The Boston Massacre leaves five dead civilians After the Battles of Lexington and Concord, the local militia and the Continental Army surrounded the British troops in Boston in a siege which lasted an entire year. [26] Washington's judgment of Howe's options was accurate; they were exactly the options Howe considered. [1] Benedict Arnold, a captain in the Connecticut militia, arrived with his troops to support the siege. British General William Howe realized Boston was indefensible to the American positions and decided, on March 7, 1776, to leave the city. There were two sets of hills surrounding Boston with natural views of the town and its harbor, Bunker Hill and Breed's Hill to the north and Dorchester Heights to the south. Social Studies, 21.06.2019 22:30, senituliii. General Howe began making plans for an immediate attack because of On March 17th, General Howe pulled all his troops from the city and March 17 – American Revolution: Threatened by Patriot cannons on Dorchester Heights, the British evacuate Boston. You can now sponsor your favorite page on Revolutionary War and Beyond. howitzers across the wintry Berkshires on sleds pulled by oxen. Putnam, who had been a millwright, devised a plan using chandeliers (heavy timbers, 10 feet long, used as frames) and fascines. Washington fortifies Dorchester Heights Do you remember that old toy called the View-Master, where you put the slides in and held it up to your eyes to view them? The only way in or out was by sea. Neither the British nor the Americans had the daring to take and fortify the heights; but both armies knew of its strategic importance in the war. Log in. [35][36], The Dorchester Heights National Historic Site was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1966, and in 1978 came under the administration of the National Park Service as part of Boston National Historical Park. Work continued on the positions, with troops cutting down trees and constructing abbatis to impede any British assault on the works. What Happened in 1776. Knox was eventually given the assignment to transport weapons from Ticonderoga to Cambridge. This is considered one of the events that led to the Revolutionary War. Finally, on March 4, 1776, Washington seized Dorchester Heights and trained his cannon—newly arrived from Fort Ticonderoga—on the city and harbour. [33], The fortifications on the Heights were maintained through the end of the war, and then abandoned. of Boston to an end. Add your answer and earn points. informed the General that he could not leave his ships in this 70. Who’s what happened in boston on march 4, 1776. 1776: King George concurs with Parliament that mercenaries fighting for Britain be dressed in British uniforms and not those of their home country. They were harassing the British troops by calling them names and throwing snowballs at them. [34], "The rebels have done more in one night than my whole army would have done in a month.". [18][19][20], The American objective was to get cannon onto Dorchester Heights, and fortify the position. The harbor was vital to the British, as the Royal Navy, at first under Admiral Samuel Graves, and later under Admiral Molyneux Shuldham,[8] provided protection for the troops in Boston, as well as transportation of supplies to the besieged city. McCullough, David G.. "Dorchester Heights." Read what happened on other days in American history at our On This Day in History section here. Homepage | Newsletter | Causes | Declaration | Bill of Rights |  Founders, Facts | Flags | Quotes | Games | Attractions | Documents | Blog | Store | Advertise, Revolutionary War and Beyond © 2008-2019, George Washington at Dorchester Heights by Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze. 1776. Colonel Benedict Arnold and Ethan Allen captured a huge supply of weapons at Fort Ticonderoga, New York on May 10, 1775. While Howe planned an attack to reclaim the high ground, a snowstorm prevented its execution. army marched for New York and would meet Howe again when he attacked https://historyofmassachusetts.org/what-forced-british-leave-boston On March 8th General Washington received an anonymous letter saying the British would not destroy the town of Boston if they were permitted to depart without attack. [32] After several days of activity, and several more of bad weather, the British forces departed Boston by sea on March 17 and sailed to Halifax, Nova Scotia, taking with them more than 1,000 Loyalist civilians. Answers: 2 Get Other questions on the subject: Social Studies. ammunition and arms. [34] The large Irish population in the area was also instrumental in having March 17 (which is also Saint Patrick's Day) named as the Evacuation Day holiday in Suffolk County, Massachusetts, which includes the city of Boston. [16], On the night of March 4, 1776, the batteries opened fire again, but this time the fire was accompanied by action. The Fortification of Dorchester Heights was a decisive action … March 4, 1681 - Charles II gives a land grant to William Penn. filled with weapons pointing down on the city and the harbor. Washington hesitated for months Howe was forced to evacuate Boston by ship (March 17), and the siege ended. 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