First, we will need to create a Samba directory, where all the shared data will be stored. Samba runs on TCP 139 and 445 and UDP ports 137 and 138. This guide covers the installation and configuration of Samba on Ubuntu. If you have a network that comprises of both Windows and Linux machines and you want to enable sharing between them. To access Samba share via GUI, open Linux File Manager. It will launch the Add Network Location wizard. Setting up User Accounts and Connecting to Share. On Ubuntu: Open up the default file manager and click Connect to Server then enter: On macOS: In the Finder menu, click Go > Connect to Server then enter: On Windows, open up File Manager and edit the file path to: \\ip-address\sambashare Note: ip-address is the Samba server IP address and sambashare is the name of the share. smbd --version. That means the IP of your Samba server and the clients who are connecting to it should be in the same network. $ sudo apt install samba We installed the Samba server and created a public share accessible to everyone. It will show the status of the Samba service. Now you can access the files on Samba server. You can see the above status that the Samba is active and running. After you enter the password, you will be logged in to Samba CLI. browsable: When set to yes, file managers such as Ubuntu’s default file manager will list this share under “Network” (it could also appear as browseable). You can type help to see a list of various commands. To install smbclient, open the Terminal run the following command as sudo: Once the installation is completed, run the command by using the following syntax to access Samba share. Step 1 : Install the Samba server with the following command: Step 2 : After installation is complete, you can check the Samba version with the following command: Step 3 : Next, we need to configure Samba to enable sharing on the network. Now, set up a user account for Samba. Therefore, to wrap things up, we have learned how to install and configure Samba on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS to create shares. 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How to share files across a local network, A Local Area Network (LAN) to share files over. First, enter your sudo password, followed by the new password for your Samba account, and then verify the password: Step 3 : Create a shared directory for this user and change its ownership:eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'devtutorial_io-box-4','ezslot_0',105,'0','0'])); Step 4 : Next, edit the Samba configuration to add the preceding share, eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'devtutorial_io-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_3',112,'0','0']));Step 4 : Save the changes to the configuration file and reload the Samba server, Step 8 : Now you can access this Samba share. It will be prompted for credentials. To copy the file, run the following command as sudo:Advertisement.medrectangle-4{text-align:center; padding-top:10px !important;padding-bottom:10px !important;padding-left:0px !important;padding-right:0px !important;width:100% !important;box-sizing:border-box !important;background-color:#eeeeee !important;border: 1px solid #dfdfdf}eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'vitux_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_2',111,'0','0'])); It will make the backup file in the same directory. Keep clicking on Next until the following screen appears. You can achieve this by using a useful tool Samba. Enter them to connect! Samba is a collection of open source applications that implement Server Message Block (SMB) and Common Internet File System (CIFS) protocols on Unix systems. The configuration file for Samba is located at /etc/samba/smb.conf. In the next screen, you can change the name of the shared location. so we will need to set up a password for that account by entering the following command as sudo. Before accessing the shares, make sure you have the server and client OS in the same IP subnet.eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'vitux_com-box-3','ezslot_1',105,'0','0'])); For this article, I am using Ubuntu 18.04 LTS for the installation and configuration of Samba server. Enter credentials for Samba share, then click OK. Change smbuser to your desired username: Step 2 : Now, we need to allocate a Samba password to this new user. How to Install and Configure Samba on Ubuntu Server 20.04. As an IT engineer and technical author, he writes for various web sites. We can check if the installation was successful by running: Now that Samba is installed, we need to create a directory for it to share: The command above creates a new folder sambashare in our home directory which we will share later. In this recipe, we will learn how to add authentication to the Samba server and password protect shared directories. Installation of Samba on Ubuntu Launch the Terminal by pressing Ctrl+Alt+T key combinations then enter the following command to install Samba. Following is the IP configuration of my Linux client is: To connect Samba share through the Linux command line, you will need a smbclient tool. Add the following line to the bottom of the smb.conf file. How to Create MySQL Users Accounts and Grant Privileges in MySQL 8.0, How to Install Network File System (NFS) on Ubuntu Server 20.04. Follow these steps to add users to the Samba server: Step 1 : Create a new user account. On Ubuntu: Open up the default file manager and click Connect to Server then enter: On macOS: In the Finder menu, click Go > Connect to Server then enter: On Windows, open up File Manager and edit the file path to: Note: ip-address is the Samba server IP address and sambashare is the name of the share. © 2020 Canonical Ltd. Ubuntu and Canonical are About the Author: Karim Buzdar holds a degree in telecommunication engineering and holds several sysadmin certifications. To edit the file using nano editor, open Terminal and run the following command as sudo: Now we will configure our new directory samba as a share. We will learn how to install Samba as our network storage server. Once you have down with all the configurations, restart the Samba service by running the following command: As previously discussed, you should be in a LAN to access files from the Samba server. We have learned how to connect those shares using Linux and Windows OS. Open the Terminal and run the following command as sudo: It will create new subdirectory samba in the root directory. Make a backup of the configuration file by copying it in the same or another directory. Username used must belong to a system account, else it won’t save. It is an open-source tool that allows you to access shared resources including files, printers, etc. sudo apt install samba samba-common-bin. You can use Gedit, Nano or Vim to edit any config file. Now that we have our new share configured, save it and restart Samba for it to take effect: Update the firewall rules to allow Samba traffic: Since Samba doesn’t use the system account password, we need to set up a Samba password for our user account: Note For instance, in my scenario, I have one Samba server and two clients: one is Linux and the other is Windows. If you have everything ready, let’s dive straight into the installation process on the next step! It lets you access your desktop files from a laptop and share files with Windows and macOS users. You can verify if the Samba has successfully installed and running by entering the following command. Vitux.com aims to become a Linux compendium with lots of unique and up to date tutorials. You can check the IP address of any machine by running ifconfig in Terminal. Launch the Terminal by pressing Ctrl+Alt+T key combinations then enter the following command to install Samba. If your server is using any firewall system, make sure to open the necessary network ports. Following is the IP configuration of my Samba server: There are two ways through which you can connect Samba share from Linux client. Samba use system account for accessing the share but it does not accept the system account password. Posted on April 6, 2020 in Ubuntu Server 20.04. Samba is a collection of open source applications that implement Server Message Block (SMB) and Common Internet File System (CIFS) protocols on Unix systems. Enter Samba username and password. In a Connect to Server window, enter the Samba server address in the following syntax and click Connect. 2. All three machines are in the same network. To check your Samba version, run. If your server is using any firewall system, make … Enter the address in the following syntax to access Samba share and press Enter. read only: Permission to modify the contents of the share folder is only granted when the value of this directive is no. smb:// [IP_address or Host_name]/[share_name]eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'vitux_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_7',117,'0','0'])); The following screen will appear. Now edit the configuration file.The configuration file of Samba is located in /etc/samba/ in a file named smb.conf. You can use any existing account or add a new Samba only account with the following command. 1. Leave the Domain as default and click Connect. In the left pane, right click on This PC. To check if Samba service is running, issue the following command. comment: A brief description of the share. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. You’ll be prompted for your credentials. You can connect to Samba share using Windows OS in two ways: Following is the IP configuration of My Windows client machine: Press Windows key + R to launch the Run utility. Click Next and then click Finish to complete the process. The latest stable version available is 4.12.0, released on March 03, 2019. Launch File Explorer in Window. 3. Add Samba share address in following the syntax and click Next. We will learn how to install Samba as our network storage server. A Samba file server enables file sharing across different operating systems over a network. Once you have down with the installation, you will need to configure it. To add the new directory as a share, we edit the file by running: At the bottom of the file, add the following lines: Then press Ctrl-O to save and Ctrl-X to exit from the nano text editor. First, create a backup of the original configuration file: Step 4 : Next, open smb.conf and replace its contents with the following: Step 5 : Next, we need to create a shared directory: Step 6 : Change the directory permissions to make it world writable, Step 7 : Restart the Samba service for the changes to take effect, eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'devtutorial_io-leader-1','ezslot_5',110,'0','0']));Step 8 : Now you can access this Samba share on the Windows client/MacOS. You will see the connection has established. He blogs at LinuxWays. Click on Connect to Server on the left pane of the File Manager window. Then select Add a network location from drop-down options. We will also show you how to access Samba shared files using other Linux and Windows client OS. To install Samba on Ubuntu, simply run the following command in terminal. When the above process is completed, it will prompt for credentials, enter the credentials for Samba share and click OK. It will prompt for the password. From Connect As option, select Registered User. For this, we will have to add the following lines in the Samba configuration file.
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