Depuis Paris : Par le train : au départ de la gare de l’Est, trajet de 55 minutes puis 10 min à pied jusqu’au musée Par la route : 1h20 par la Nationale 4 ou par l’A4 et la Départementale 231 quel chien de métier que cette sculpture ! Son acte de naissance est reproduit sur une plaque à l'angle de la Place des Déportés et de la rue Etienne Moreau-Nélaton. [71], In 2011 the world premiere of Boris Eifman's new ballet Rodin took place in St Petersburg, Russia. [42], Less well known than her love affair with Rodin, the nature of her relationship with Claude Debussy has also been the object of much speculation. She never lived with Rodin, who was reluctant to end his 20-year relationship with Rose Beuret. Composer Jeremy Beck's Death of a Little Girl with Doves (1998), an operatic soliloquy for soprano and orchestra, is based on the life and letters of Camille Claudel. [1][2] The subject of several biographies and films, Claudel is well known for her sculptures including The Waltz, and The Mature Age.[3]. Walker also says that what truly defeated Camille, who was already recognised as a leading sculptor by many, were the sheer difficulties of the medium and the market: sculpting was an expensive art, and she did not receive many official commissions because her style was highly unusual for the contemporary conservative tastes. Camille Claudel was French sculptor best known for her bronze and marble depictions of figures in a craggy yet sensuous style, reminiscent to those of her lover Auguste Rodin. L'emplacement de sa maison natale n'est pas connue. Her brother Paul had been informed of his sister's terminal illness in September and, with some difficulty, had crossed Occupied France to see her, although he was not present at her death or funeral. [75], This article is about the artist. Camille Rosalie Claudel (French pronunciation: [kamij klodɛl] (listen); 8 December 1864 – 19 October 1943) was a French sculptor known for her figurative works in bronze and marble. "[17], In 1892, after an abortion, Claudel ended the intimate aspect of her relationship with Rodin, although they saw each other regularly until 1898. Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. She also depended on him financially, especially after her loving and wealthy father's death, which allowed her mother and brother, who disapproved of her lifestyle, to maintain control of the family fortune and leave her to wander the streets dressed in beggars' clothing.[19]. Claudel's father approved of her career choice, and he tried to help and support her financially. [48], After the wedding of her brother in 1906 and his return to China, she lived secluded in her workshop.[47][48]. [24][25] Her brother interpreted it as an allegory of her break with Rodin. Paul Claudel visited his confined older sister seven times in 30 years, in 1913, 1920, 1925, 1927, 1933, 1936, and 1943. Assistant Technique en Milieux Familial et Collectif, CESC : Comité d’Education à la Santé et la Citoyenneté, Bac Pro Accompagnement, soins et services à la personne. The family moved to Villeneuve-sur-Fère while Camille was still a baby. He suddenly and completely stopped his support for Claudel. Camille Claudel died at Montdevergues on October 19, 1943. ", This page was last edited on 16 November 2020, at 23:44. ", "Overshadowed by Rodin, but his lover wins acclaim at last", "Musée Camille Claudel : ouverture en mars 2017 à Nogent-sur-Seine", "Entertainment & the Arts | Solid acting helps keep 'La Valse' in step | Seattle Times Newspaper", "Wildhorn and Knighton's Camille Claudel, the Musical, Ends September 7 at Goodspeed", "Interview with Gael Le Cornec and Dr Pollock", "Review: Columbus Dance Theatre's Claudel vividly recreates sculptor's 'dream, Review of 2008 Claudel exhibition at Musee Rodin, Paris, Claudel pages, including biography and timeline, at rodin-web.org, Camille Claudel, Of Dreams and Nightmares, La dona artista i el poder : homenatge a Camille Claudel, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Camille_Claudel&oldid=989085954, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with incomplete citations from December 2019, Articles with self-published sources from February 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2017, Articles with Catalan-language sources (ca), Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Mitchell, Claudine. [74], In 2019, to mark the 155th anniversary of Claudel's birth, Google released a Google Doodle commemorating her. Cliquez ici pour accéder à L’ENT du lycée. Subsequently, they moved to Bar-le-Duc (1870), Nogent-sur-Seine (1876), and Wassy-sur-Blaise (1879), although they continued to spend summers in Villeneuve-sur-Fère, and the stark landscape of that region made a deep impression on the children. The form read that she had been "voluntarily" committed, although her admission was signed only by a doctor and her brother. For a while, the press accused her family of committing a sculptor of genius. [8] Boucher confirmed that Claudel was a capable, talented artist and encouraged her family to support her study of sculpture. In 2008, the Musée Rodin organised a retrospective exhibition including more than 80 of her works. The novelist and art critic Octave Mirbeau described her as "A revolt against nature: a woman genius." Claudel was fascinated with stone and soil as a child, and as a young woman she studied at the Académie Colarossi, one of the few places open to female students. ][37] Others like Eisen, Matthews and Flemming suggest it was not Rodin, but her brother Paul who was jealous of her genius, and that he conspired with her mother, who never forgave her for her supposed immorality, to later ruin her and keep her confined to a mental hospital. She was 78 years old. The ballet is dedicated to the life and creative work sculptor Auguste Rodin and his apprentice, lover and muse, Camille Claudel. [51], In 1929 sculptor and Claudel's former friend Jessie Lipscomb visited her, and afterwards insisted "it was not true" that Claudel was insane. [55] The Musée Camille Claudel displays approximately half of Claudel's 90 surviving works. Another film, Camille Claudel 1915, directed by Bruno Dumont and starring Juliette Binoche as Claudel, premiered at the 63rd Berlin International Film Festival in 2013. In 1882, Claudel rented a studio workshop on rue Notre-Dames des Champs in Paris that she shared with three British sculptors: Jessie Lipscomb, Emily Fawcett and Amy Singer (daughter of John Webb Singer, whose foundry in Frome, Somerset, made large-scale bronze statues.) Camille Claudel died on 19 October 1943, after having lived 30 years in the asylum at Montfavet (known then as the Asile de Montdevergues, now the modern psychiatric hospital Centre hospitalier de Montfavet). Thus Sakuntala could be called a clear expression of her solitary existence and her inner search, her journey within.[30]. ", Dépôt du Musée des Arts de l’Enfance, FECAMP en 2000, Dépôt du musée des Arts décoratifs, Paris, Musée Camille Claudel10 Rue Gustave Flaubert10400 Nogent-sur-Seine (Aube en Champagne)+33(0) 3 25 24 76 34, Par le train : au départ de la gare de l’Est, trajet de 55 minutes puis 10 min à pied jusqu’au muséePar la route : 1h20 par la Nationale 4 ou par l’A4 et la Départementale 231, jusqu'au 7 mars 2021 - exposition actuellement fermée en raison du confinement. Her father remained behind, working to support them.[9]. [65], Seattle playwright S.P. The subject of several biographies and films, Claudel is well known for her sculptures including The Waltz, and The Mature Age. She acted as his model, his confidante, and his lover. In 1951, Paul Claudel organised an exhibition at the Musée Rodin, which continues to display her sculptures. It has a decorative quality quite different from the "heroic" feeling of her earlier work. There are records to show that, while she did have mental outbursts,[clarification needed] she was clear-headed while working on her art. Written, performed and directed by Gaël Le Cornec, premiered at the Pleasance Courtyard Edinburgh Festival, the play looks at the relationship of master and muse from the perspective of Camille at different stages in her life. [10] Once in Paris, she studied with sculptor Alfred Boucher. [20] Her early work is similar to Rodin's in spirit but shows imagination and lyricism quite her own, particularly in the famous The Waltz (1893). Stephen Barr reports that Debussy pursued her: it was unknown whether they ever became lovers. [56][57], Plans to turn the Claudel family home at Nogent-sur-Seine into a museum were announced in 2003, and the museum negotiated with the Claudel family to buy Camille's works. [53] Her sister did not make the journey to Montfavet. [49] On 1 June 1920, physician Dr. Brunet sent a letter advising her mother to try to reintegrate her daughter into the family environment. [27][26], One of Claudel's figures, The Implorer, was produced as an edition of its own and has been interpreted not as purely autobiographical but as an even more powerful representation of change and purpose in the human condition. Joined forever to the ground she tried to escape for so long, Camille never, ever, returned to her beloved Villeneuve. Sakuntala, 1888, is described by Angelo Caranfa as expressing Claudel's desire to reach the sacred, the fruit of the lifelong search of her artistic identity, free from Rodin's constraints. Her mother, who died in June 1929, never visited Claudel. Rodin's friend, Mathias Morhardt, insisted that Paul was a "simpleton" who had "shut away" his sister of genius.[52]. Le site Camille Claudel vous propose : deux formations en C.A.P : C.A.P Agent Polyvalent de Restauration (APR) C.A.P. The art of madness or the madness of art? But when he died on 2 March 1913, Claudel was not informed of his death. [66][67], Composer Frank Wildhorn and lyricist Nan Knighton's musical Camille Claudel was produced by Goodspeed Musicals at The Norma Terris Theatre in Chester, Connecticut in 2003. [9][8] Camille moved with her mother, brother, and younger sister to the Montparnasse area of Paris in 1881. Publié le 28 septembre. Assistant Technique en Milieux Familial et Le dernier des maçons était plus heureux […]. By thirty, Claudel's romantic life had ended. For several decades after her death, Camille Claudel’s memory languished in Rodin’s shadow. “Intellectuality and Sexuality: Camille Claudel, The Fin de Siecle Sculptress,”, Wilson, Susannah. Doctors tried to convince Paul and their mother that Claudel did not need to be in the institution, but they still kept her there. [49][50] Ayral-Clause says that even though Rodin clearly signed some of her works, he was not treating her as different because of her gender; artists at this time generally signed their apprentices' work. The national Camille Claudel Museum in Nogent-sur-Seine opened in 2017, and the Musée Rodin in Paris has a room dedicated to her works. Beginning in 1903, she exhibited her works at the Salon des Artistes français or at the Salon d'Automne. Her certificate of admittance to Montdevergues was signed on 22 September 1914; it reported that she suffered "from a systematic persecution delirium mostly based upon false interpretations and imagination".[50]. [73], In 2014, the Columbus Dance Theatre and the Carpe Diem String Quartet performed the premiere of Claudel, with music by Korine Fujiwara, original poetry by Kathleen Kirk, and choreography by Tim Veach. Instead, eight days later, on 10 March 1913, at the request of her younger brother Paul, she was admitted to the psychiatric hospital of Ville-Évrard in Neuilly-sur-Marne. Louis Vauxcelles states that Claudel was the only sculptress on whose forehead shone the sign of genius like Berthe Morisot, the only well-known female painter of the century, and that Claudel's style was more virile than many of her male colleagues'. [68], In 2005, Sotheby's sold a second edition La Valse (1905, Blot, number 21) for $932,500. [64] Beck's composition has been described as "a deeply attractive and touching piece of writing ... [demonstrating] imperious melodic confidence, fluent emotional command and yielding tenderness." The hospital staff regularly proposed to her family that Claudel be released, but her mother adamantly refused each time. [26] According to Caranfa, Clotho (1893) and Fortune (1905) represent the two ideas of life: life in Clotho is portrayed as closed, hopeless existence and "consummated in an unending death"; life in Fortune is celebrated as the madness of eternal present with ups and downs, its "rapture or total harmony" (Fortune itself is a variation of the dancing woman in The Waltz). [11] The Académie Colarossi was more progressive than other arts institutions in that it not only allowed female students at the school but also permitted them to work from nude male models. After Rodin saw Claudel's The Mature Age for the first time, in 1899, he reacted with shock and anger. [43] They both admired Degas and Hokusai, and shared an interest in childhood and death themes. ", " Cette Valse ivre, toute roulée et perdue dans l’étoffe de la musique, dans la tempête et le tourbillon de la danse […]. [44] When Claudel ended the relationship, Debussy wrote: "I weep for the disappearance of the Dream of this Dream." [32][33] Walker argues that most historians believe Rodin did what he could to help her after their separation, and that her destruction of her own oeuvre was partly responsible for the long-time neglect the art world showed her. "Gender, Genius, and the Artist's Double Bind: The Letters of Camille Claudel, 1880–1910. The 2017 film Rodin co-stars Izïa Higelin as Claudel. Claudel was depicted by Boucher in Camille Claudel lisant,[13] and later she sculpted a bust of her mentor. [59], Some authors argue that Henrik Ibsen based his last play, 1899's When We Dead Awaken, on Rodin's relationship with Claudel.[60][61][62][63]. [3][8], Her mother Louise did not approve of Claudel's "unladylike desire to become an artist. She was at first censored as she portrayed sexuality in her work. Paul's neglect regarding his sister's grave is hard to forgive...while Paul decided not to be burdened with his sister's grave, he took great pains, on the contrary, in choosing his own final resting place, naming the exact location – in Brangues, under a tree, next to his grandchild – and citing the precise words to be written on the stone. In 2005 a large art display featuring the works of Rodin and Claudel was exhibited in Quebec City (Canada), and Detroit, Michigan, in the US. In Villeneuve, a simple plaque reminds the curious visitor that Camille Claudel once lived there, but her remains are still in exile, somewhere, just a few steps away from the place where she was sequestered for thirty years. Le musée Camille Claudel de Nogent-sur-Seine est le seul au monde à pouvoir présenter l’évolution... Politique de protection des données personnelles, Entrée gratuite pour les moins de 26 ans et les Nogentais, Entrée gratuite pour tous, tous les premiers dimanches de chaque mois. [18], Le Cornec and Pollock state that after the sculptors' physical relationship ended, she was not able to get the funding to realise many of her daring ideas - because of sex-based censorship and the sexual element of her work. C.A.P Agent Polyvalent de Restauration (APR), C.A.P. Il n'est pas indiqué sur son acte de naissance. ", " Qu’un statuaire veuille interpréter la joie, la douleur, une passion quelconque, il ne saurait nous émouvoir que si d’abord il sait faire vivre les êtres qu’il évoque. Her mother forbade her to receive mail from anyone other than her brother. [28] Modelled for in 1898 and cast in 1905, Claudel didn't actually cast her own bronze for this work, but instead The Implorer was cast in Paris by Eugene Blot.[29]. [9], In 1891, Claudel served as a jurist at the National Society of Fine Arts, reported to be "something of a boys' club at the time. Caranfa suggests that Claudel's impressions of Rodin's deceptions and exploitation of her, as someone who could not become obedient as he wanted her to be and who was expected to conform to society's expectation of what women should be, were not false. Pour retrouver votre Espace Numérique de travail, cliquez sur le lien suivant : [31] Others also criticise Rodin for not giving her the acknowledgment or support she deserved. Her remains were interred in an unmarked communal grave on the hospital grounds, where they remain to this day. From the 2002 book, Camille Claudel, A Life: "Ten years after her death, Camille's bones had been transferred to a communal grave, where they were mixed with the bones of the most destitute. Their sister Louise visited her just one time in 1929. Her mother, the former Louise-Athanaïse Cécile Cerveaux, came from a Champagne family of Catholic farmers and priests. [21][full citation needed][22][23]. It is located in her teenage home town of Nogent-sur-Seine. Vous devez posséder votre identifiant et votre mot de passe. Camille Rosalie Claudel was a French sculptor known for her figurative works in bronze and marble. Claudel was interred in the cemetery of Montfavet, and eventually her remains were buried in a communal grave at the asylum. [14][15][16] As a consequence, Claudel was forced to leave the family home. This composition has been recorded by Rayanne Dupuis, soprano, with the Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra. Her father, Louis-Prosper Claudel, dealt in mortgages and bank transactions. Claudel started working in Rodin's workshop in 1883[9] and became a source of inspiration for him. Others, like Morhardt and Caranfa, concurred, saying that their styles had become so different, with Rodin being more suave and delicate and Claudel being vehement with vigorous contrasts, which might have been one reason for their break up, with her becoming ultimately his rival. Today his admirers pay homage to his memory at his noble grave; but of Camille there is not a trace. [9] At the time, the École des Beaux-Arts barred women from enrolling to study. Camille Claudel’s Legacy. Her younger brother Paul Claudel was born there in 1868. She died in relative obscurity, but later gained recognition for the originality and quality of her work. A large exhibition of her works was organised in 1984. Nothing came of this. Camille Claudel was born in Fère-en-Tardenois, Aisne,[6] in northern France, the first child of a family of farmers and gentry. Directed by Bruno Nuytten, co-produced by Isabelle Adjani, starring herself as Claudel and Gérard Depardieu as Rodin, the film was nominated for two Academy Awards in 1989. Ah ! For the 1988 film, see, The different scales, the different modes of plasticity, and gender-representation, of the three figures which make up this important group, enable a more universal thematic and metaphoric stylistics related to the ages of existence, childhood, maturity, and the perspective of the transcendent (v. Angela Ryan, "Camille Claudel: the Artist as Heroinic Rhetorician. After teaching Claudel and the other sculptors for over three years, Boucher moved to Florence following an award for the Grand Prix du Salon. [58], Though she destroyed much of her work, about 90 statues, sketches and drawings survive. View Camille Claudel’s 329 artworks on artnet. Most modern authors agree that she was an outstanding genius who, starting with wealth, beauty, iron will and a brilliant future even before meeting Rodin, was never rewarded and died in loneliness, poverty, and obscurity. Musée Camille Claudel 10 Rue Gustave Flaubert 10400 Nogent-sur-Seine (Aube en Champagne) +33(0) 3 25 24 76 34. Claudel prolonged her stay with Singer's family in Frome.[12]. He always referred to her in the past tense. The publication of several biographies in the 1980s sparked a resurgence of interest in her work. Her response was a symbolic, intellectual style as opposed to the "expressive" approach normally attributed to women artists, Her work became well regarded. ", Claudine Mitchell, “Intellectuality and Sexuality: Camille Claudel, The Fin de Siecle Sculptress,”, "Torso of a Crouching Woman (Getty Museum)", "Camille Claudel: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know", "Museum rescues sculptor Camille Claudel from decades of obscurity", "Camille Claudel Biography, Life & Quotes", "Camille Claudel and the Singer's Foundry: A Rodin Connection in Frome", "Sculptor Camille Claudel Finally Gets Her Own Museum", "How Rodin's tragic lover shaped the history of sculpture", "Camille Claudel, une icône au destin tragique", "Exhibition review of "Camille Claudel Museum, "Camille Claudel: a revulsion of nature. From the ages of 5 to 12, Claudel was educated by the Sisters of Christian Doctrine. Musée Camille Claudel, 2017 . All of these English friends had studied at the South Kensington Schools – that would become the Royal College of Art – before moving to Paris to be at the Academie Colarossi, where they had all met. Le plus noble des arts, le plus viril, oui, mais l’art dont on crevait le plus sûrement de faim. Debussy admired her as a great artist and kept a copy of The Waltz in his studio until his death. [45][46], After 1905 Claudel appeared to be mentally ill. She destroyed many of her statues, disappeared for long periods of time, exhibited signs of paranoia and was diagnosed as having schizophrenia. Le musée est fermé jusqu'au 1er décembre inclus en raison des mesures de confinement. " [49] According to Cécile Bertran, a curator from the Musée Camille Claudel, the situation was not easy to judge, because modern experts who have looked at her records say she was indeed ill.[8], In 1914, to be safe from advancing German troops, the patients at Ville-Évrard were at first relocated to Enghien. [34] Despite this, Le Cornec and Pollock believe she changed the history of arts. Sculptures created by Claudel are also held in the collections of several major museums including the Musée d’Orsay in Paris, the Courtauld Institute of Art in London, the National Museum of Women in the Arts in Washington, D.C., the Philadelphia Museum of Art,[4] and the J. Paul Getty Museum in Los Angeles.[5]. [1][2][35][36][self-published source? [69] In a 2009 Paris auction, Claudel's Le Dieu Envolé (1894/1998, foundry Valsuani, signed and numbered 6/8) had a high estimate of $180,000,[70] while a comparable Rodin sculpture, L'éternelle Idole (1889/1930, Rudier, signed) had a high estimate of $75,000. Several prominent Frome works are in London, including the Boadicea group on the Embankment, Cromwell, which graces the lawn in front of the Houses of Parliament, and the figure of Justice atop the Old Bailey. ", " Créer, c'est insuffler l'âme à la forme, contraindre l'esprit à animer impérissablement la matière. Angelo Caranfa comments that "The life that was, is, and will be in Maturity contains within its movement both the relentless movement of Clotho and the rhythmic, graceful, whirling movement of Fortune, generating a single and sustaining movement or image out of the differences within" . Alfred Boucher had become Claudel's mentor, and provided inspiration and encouragement to the next generation of sculptors such as Laure Coutan. Knowledge of the affair agitated her family, especially her mother, who already detested her for not being a boy and never approved of Claudel's involvement in the arts. These include 70 pieces, including a bust of Rodin. Before he left he asked Auguste Rodin to take over the instruction of his pupils. According to Ayral-Clause, Rodin might have put pressure on the ministry of fine arts to cancel the funding for the bronze commission. Accès à l’intranet du lycée. She died in relative obscurity, but later gained recognition for the originality and quality of her work. The troubled life of French sculptor Camille Claudel and her long relationship with legendary sculptor Auguste Rodin are portrayed in this passionate biographical drama, featuring an acclaimed performance by Isabelle Adjani. The Mature Age (1900) is usually interpreted as an allegory of the three stages of life: the man who represents Maturity is drawn into the hands of the old woman who represents Old Age and Death, while the young woman who represents Youth tries to save him. "[3] Her father was more supportive and took examples of her artwork to their artist neighbor Alfred Boucher, to assess her abilities. Accès à l’ENT Educ de Normandie de Camille Claudel. [72], In 2012, the world premiere of the play Camille Claudel took place. Rodin and Claudel met, and their artistic association and the tumultuous and passionate relationship soon began. In 1902 Claudel completed a large sculpture of Perseus and the Gorgon. Camille Claudel est née le 8 décembre 1864 à Fère-en-Tardenois. Claudel's onyx and bronze small-scale La Vague (The Wave) (1897) was a conscious break in style from her Rodin period. General Gordon on his camel at Chatham Barracks was also cast in Frome, as were the eight lions that form part of the Rhodes Memorial in Cape Town. "[54], The Musée Camille Claudel was opened in March, 2017, as a French national museum dedicated to Claudel's work. Claudel thus had to either depend on Rodin, or to collaborate with him and see him get the credit as the lionised figure of French sculpture. Camille Claudel (1988) was a dramatisation of her life based largely on historical records. Claudel visited Frome and the families of her fellow sculptors. [7] While living in Nogent-sur-Seine at age 12, Claudel began working with the local clay, regularly sculpting the human form. Miskowski's La Valse (2000) is a well-researched look at Claudel's life. Camille a té baptisée le dimanche 25 janvier 1865 à l'église Saint-Macre. On 7 September 1914 Claudel was transferred with a number of other women, to the Montdevergues Asylum, at Montfavet, six kilometres from Avignon. [38][39][40][full citation needed][41] Kavaler-Adler notes that her younger sister Louise, who desired Camille's inheritance and was also jealous of her, was delighted at her sister's downfall.
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