The gates are embellished with marble bars which have faux voussoirs (alternately smooth or sculpted). In den ersten Wochen nach der Eröffnung war deshalb von Oppositionellen die offizielle Beschriftung „Hassan-II.-Moschee“ des Nachts wiederholt durch den Schriftzug „Moschee des Volkes“ (arabisch مسجد الشعب Mesdschid asch-Schab, DMG masǧid aš-šaʿb) übermalt worden. [12] It displays elements found in other Moroccan buildings such as the unfinished mosque in Rabat and the Koutoubia Mosque in Marrakesh. In addition to public donations and those from business establishments and Arab countries (such as Kuwait and Saudi Arabia), western countries provided construction loans, which Morocco repaid.[4]. The historical context of the mosque began with the death of King Mohammed V in 1961. Die Hassan-II.-Moschee (arabisch مسجد الحسن الثاني Mesdschid al-Hasan ath-thānī, DMG masǧid al-ḥasan aṯ-ṯānī) in Casablanca ist eine der größten Moscheen der Welt. Salt water had penetrated beyond the steel bar also into the structures. It was dedicated to the Sovereign of Morocco. We have created a browser extension. That's it. Für den Bau des Gebäudes mit Gebetshalle, Minarett und Medresse wurden zwölf Turmdrehkrane mit 220 U / min und acht Mobilkrane installiert. Therefore, the faithful who go there to pray, to praise the creator on firm soil, can contemplate God's sky and ocean. "[12] In 1980, during his birthday celebrations, Hassan II had made his ambitions very clear for creating a single landmark monument in Casablanca by stating:[3]. The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. Sous la Présidence de Sa Majesté le Roi Mohammed VI, La Fondation de la Mosquée Hassan II de Casa a été créée en 2009. [16] Tadelakt, a plastering technique which adds egg yolks and black soap into mixed plaster, was used in the hammam baths. Old Mosque (Mosque of the Kasbah of the Udayas), List of universities, colleges and schools, Académie internationale Mohammed VI de l'aviation civile, Lycée français international Louis-Massignon, 105,000 (25,000 indoors, additional 80,000 on Mosque's grounds). You could also do it yourself at any point in time. The dome, arches and walls give a grand ambiance to the mosque. From the near­est train sta­tion at Casa-Port it is about a 20-minute walk to the mosque. [16] It is ornamented with pale blue marble and Zellige tilework. This is expected to enhance the building's life by 100 years. The ten-lane boulevard with shopping avenues has its at the southern facade of the mosque and extends to the gates of the Palace Oued el Makhazine in the middle of the city. The base to the top width ratio of 1 to 8 (between basement and the summit) has a marble covering on the exterior with austere decoration. I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like. Geplant auf dem Gelände des ehemaligen städtischen Schwimmbades wurde am 12. Da sich die Moschee am Ufer des Atlantischen Ozeans befindet, benötigten die Fundamente 26.000 m Beton und 60.000 m Riprap, um die Auswirkungen des Seegangs zu bekämpfen. The prayer hall is also illuminated by light from the glass gates on the northern wall.[21]. In the first phase a leak-proof coffer dam was constructed to isolate and dry the work area. Apart from the mosque, other structures in the area are a madrasa (Islamic school), hammams (bathhouses), a museum on Moroccan history, conference halls, and a very large library said to be the "most comprehensive in the Islamic world. The Hassan II Mosque (Arabic: مسجد الحسن الثاني‎, French: Grande Mosquée Hassan II) is a mosque in Casablanca, Morocco. The Hassan II Mosque (Arabic: مسجد الحسن الثاني ‎, French: Grande Mosquée Hassan II) is a mosque in Casablanca, Morocco.It is the largest functioning mosque in Africa and is the 7th largest in the world. The garden around the mosque is well tended and is a popular location for family picnics. During the most intense period of construction, 1400 men worked during the day and another 1100 during the night. Diese Fliesen haben eine Gewichtszunahme von 65% im Vergleich zu herkömmlichen Fliesen mit einer viel höheren Zuverlässigkeitsleistung gebracht. These were made from high-strength concrete with 2205 stainless steel reinforcements. To install click the Add extension button. Die Realisierung der gesamten Arbeit mobilisierte rund 10.000 Arbeiter und Handwerker, die mehr als 80 Millionen Arbeitsstunden verrichteten. Für das Finishing und die religiösen Objekte halfen Handwerker aus dem ganzen Königreich, mehr als 53.000 m2 geschnitztes Holz zu bedecken und mehr als 10.000 m2 Zellige mit 80 Originalmotiven zusammenzusetzen. [6], The mosque rises above the Atlantic Ocean. [9] A temporary pier 800 metres (2,600 ft) in length had to be erected to protect the foundations of the pillars from the sea during the construction period. This necessitated an additional leak-proof dyke to be built behind the earlier one; total dyke quantity involved was 20,000 cubic metres (710,000 cu ft). [11] Six thousand traditional Moroccan artisans worked for five years to create the abundant and beautiful mosaics, stone and marble floors and columns, sculpted plaster moldings, and carved and painted wood ceilings. The pillars of 13 metres (43 ft) height are square in shape with engaged columns and cruciform joining a series of pillars. TUSDESTINOS.NET 2 93,984 views. Two stories in height, it is constructed in a semi-circular shape, with abutting qibla wall and the mihrab section. The 9-hectare (22-acre) com­plex nes­tles be­tween the har­bor and the El Hank light­house. Am 30. [21] The roof is covered with cast-aluminium tiles, (similar to the Fez tiles), stronger and more reliable than traditional ceramic tiles, and about 35 percent lighter. Such panels, built with multicolored arches, engraved with ornamented floral designs, appear like a geometrical framework when viewed from the outside. 1:58. It is oriented towards Mecca, across the sea and has a range of 30 kilometres (19 mi). La Mosquée Hassan II de Casablanca se trouve sur la corniche, en front de mer. The minaret is 60 stories high topped by a laser, the light from which is directed towards Mecca. Earlier in this article, under "Architecture and Fittings" it is said that the whole building is 200 m long. All of the granite, plaster, marble, wood and other materials used in the construction, were extracted from around Morocco, with the exception of some Italian white granite columns and 56 glass chandeliers. [13] It weighs 1100 tons and can be opened in five minutes; it measures 60 metres (200 ft) high, with an area of 3,400 square metres (37,000 sq ft). The mosque is lo­cated at Bd Sidi Mo­hammed Ben Ab­dal­lah in Casablanca. Wenn das Dach geschlossen ist, wird die Gebetshalle von 50 Kronleuchtern und 8 venezianischen Murano-Wandlampen beleuchtet. [10] Its environmental advantage is that it is free of noise and pollution and receives a fresh breeze from the sea.[4]. Ut elit tellus, luctus nec ullamcorper mattis, pulvinar dapibus leo. The central nave of the hall is 40 metres (130 ft) and larger than the side naves which are 27 metres (89 ft) high. 33.607333333333-7.6325555555556Koordinaten: 33° 36′ 26,4″ N, 7° 37′ 57,2″ W,, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. [9], Work commenced on July 12, 1986,[13] and was conducted over a seven-year period. The construction work involved engagement of 35,000 workers and working of over 50 million hours. Die Stabilität von Schutzbauten auf See hat sich jedoch als unzureichend erwiesen, und seit Oktober 2006 werden umfangreiche Arbeiten zur Verstärkung des Dammes durchgeführt. It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. The basil­i­cal plan of the mosque jus­ti­fies this lay­out of the boulevar… Other elements come from the Tour Hassan Mosque, the Dome of the Rock (also known as Qubbat al Sakhra 688–692 AD), the Great Mosque of Madina (705–710 AD), Kairouan Mosque in Tunisia (663 AD), the Great Mosque of Damascus (705–715 AD), the Great Mosque of Cordoba (785–786 AD), Quarawiyyin Mosque (956 and 1135 AD) in Morocco, the Great Mosque of Tlemcen (1136), and Djamaa el Kebir (1096). [22] It has a laser beam fitted at the top, which is electronically operated in the evening. Die Hassan-II-Moschee hat trotz ständiger Wartung Anzeichen einer frühen Alterung im Jahr 1998 gezeigt (Risse, fallende Schalungstafeln), so Associated Press. The qibla wall is perpendicular to the naves which is said to be an unconventional layout, given that it is customary for the rows of worshipers facing Mecca to be as wide as possible rather than extend farther back (Halod and Khan 1997, 61). [8], The prayer hall is built to a rectangular plan of 200 metres (660 ft) length and 100 metres (330 ft)[20] width with three naves, which are perpendicular to the qibla wall. The faces of the facade have carved ornamentation with different materials. "[9] The 41 fountains[11] in the courtyard are all well decorated. Mosquée Hassan 2, Casablanca. A maximum of 105,000 worshippers can gather together for prayer: 25,000 inside the mosque hall and another 80,000 on the mosque's outside ground. Geburtstags des damaligen marokkanischen Königs Hassan II. Mezquita de Casablanca - Hassan II Mosque - Marruecos Morocco Maroc - Grand Mosquée Hassan II - Duration: 1:58. Die aus Steuermitteln finanzierten Baukosten sowie die zahlreichen schweren Arbeitsunfälle beim Bau brachten dem Prestigebau aber auch scharfe Kritik ein. Die Marmor- und Granitbeläge marokkanischen Ursprungs umfassen 50 Hektar Fläche mit einer durchschnittlichen Dicke von 14 cm. 168 likes. The museum opened its doors to the public after the construction of the mosque. The woodcarvings, the zellij work and the stucco mouldings are of elaborate and highly impressive design; the wood used for carving is cedar from the middle Atlas mountains, the marble is from Agadir and granite is brought from Tafraoute. August 1993 nach siebenjähriger Bauzeit eingeweiht. Bis zu 25.000 Personen finden in der Gebetshalle von 20.000 Quadratmetern Platz. Ihr Minarett ist nach der im April 2019 fertiggestellten Großen Moschee von Algier mit 200 Metern Höhe das zweithöchste Minarett und das zweithöchste religiöse Bauwerk der Welt. Cranes were also designed to suit the height of the minaret for concreting. The central hall is centrally heated, and provides spectacular underwater views of the Atlantic Ocean. This decorative material (with chrome and green as dominant colours), is a substitute for the use of bricks, the material used in many other notable minarets, and has given the mosque an extraordinary elegance. It is equipped with a rapid lift with a capacity of 12 people and can reach the top of the building in less than a minute, and a staircase leading to projections. [2][3] Completed in 1993, it was designed by Michel Pinseau under the guidance of King Hassan II and built by Moroccan artisans from all over the kingdom. Carved or painted marble or shaped wood are used for these elegant designs, which highlight Islamic art forms. Much of the financing was by public subscription. Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea! The minaret rises majestically in the center of the south facade, on a height of 200 m 2 and a surface area of 625 m 2. [22] The concrete used for the minaret was a special high-grade type, which could perform well under severe conditions of a combined action of strong wind and seismicity. [2] However, the building was not completed on schedule which delayed inauguration. C´est l´une des rares mosquées qui soit ouverte aux non-musulmans, Nach offizieller Lesart war die Moschee ein Geschenk des Volkes an seinen König. [9], Construction costs, estimated to be about 585 million euro, were an issue of debate in Morocco, a lower mid-income country. ✪ Hassan II Mosque - Casablanca, Morocco, ✪ Hassan II Mosque 4k - Casablanca Morocco, ✪ Solo Female Travel in Morocco - Casablanca, Hassan II Mosque - Episode 4, ✪ Morocco 2012 - Casablanca Hassan II Mosque & Corniche, ✪ The Amazing Grand Mosque of Hassan II Casablanca. In the words of the authors of the book Morocco Country Study Guide, the Hassan II Mosque "undeniably marks the continuity of a modernized ancestral art and bears the sign of innovations that are due not only to technical reasons but also to a fertile exploration of new aesthetic possibilities. [citation needed] Its minaret is the world's second tallest minaret at 210 metres (689 ft). Der modellierte und bemalte Putz wurde von 1.500 Mitarbeitern auf mehr als 67.000 m2 vollständig vor Ort bearbeitet. All of these works involved use of 1300 tons of special steel (with 40 tons of Mo) of 8–20 millimetres (0.31–0.79 in) bars with yield strength of 850 N per mm2. [5] The ablution room and a vast public hammam are in the basement, with its own entrance. [21] This involved use of moly-grade stainless steel combined with high-grade concrete to make the structure resistant to chloride attack, a process that evolved during 3 years of research. glasiert traditionell aus Fez, aber viermal leichter. [3], The mosque is located at Bd Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdallah in Casablanca. April 2020 um 07:36 Uhr bearbeitet. The entire work was done at a cost of 50 million euros. It showcases art pieces from various traditional Moroccan arts as well as unused architectural elements of the mosque, such as carved stucco, painted wood ceilings, and zellij walls. [21], Effective restoration works were instituted in April 2005. La mosquée Hassan-II (arabe : مسجد الحسن الثاني (masjid al-Hassan ath-thani)) est une mosquée située à Casablanca (). [9] The smallest contribution was 5 DH. Die Zedernholzkuppeln wurden an Rahmen aus 971 t Edelstahl befestigt und an der Stahlbetonkonstruktion aufgehängt. The traditionally designed madrasa occupies an area of 4,840 square metres (52,100 sq ft) including the basement. King Hassan II had requested for the best of the country's artisans to come forward and submit plans for a mausoleum to honour the departed king; it should "reflect the fervor and veneration with which this illustrious man was regarded. Even though the many structural changes were made as per detailed design, still during execution of works, 100 external pillars, called “combs” because of their wave breaking characteristics, were exposed to salt water and wave action and had to be replaced with new pillars. Notable architectural features include the conspicuous columns, the horseshoe arches, and the innumerable muqarnas embellishing the ceilings. In the second phase, the voids seen in the prayer hall were filled with concrete. So there is an error, somewhere. The walls are of hand-crafted marble and the roof is retractable. [23] Green tiles decorate the minaret for one third of the height from the top, and then changes colour to deep green or turquoise blue; it is said that in the Hassan II minaret, the designer had used his sea-foam green and God’s blue to celebrate the life of a king. I want to build this mosque on the water, because God's throne is on the water. In the fourth phase, new exterior protection works were built using high-strength concrete with 2205 (conforming to UNS S 32205 EN 1.442 standards) stainless steel rods as reinforcements for effective erosion control. Geometrically shaped polychromatic zellji with carved plaster are noted with floral and geometric designs with epigraphy. Technische Besonderheiten sind ein sich automatisch öffnendes Dach, Fußbodenheizung in der Gebetshalle und ein grüner Laserstrahl, der nachts Richtung Mekka zeigt. The basilical plan of the mosque justifies this layout of the boulevard. erbaut. [14] Twelve million people donated to the cause, with a receipt and certificate given to every donor. Die Strukturen der gesamten Moschee bestehen aus Stahlbeton und sind mit Dekorationen marokkanischer Handwerkskunst bedeckt. The central hall is undulating with a succession of numerous domes from which glass chandeliers, imported from Murano, are hung. There are features from an old Roman fort converted into the tomb of King Mohammed V of Rabat. Die Hassan-II.-Moschee wurde anlässlich des 60. 10,000 artists and craftsmen participated in building and beautifying the mosque. August 1993 wurde der Bau eingeweiht. [5] The 9-hectare (22-acre) complex nestles between the harbor and the El Hank lighthouse. It is so large that it can easily accommodate the house of the Notre Dame of Paris or St Peter's of Rome. [19], The building blends Islamic architecture and Moroccan elements, and reflects Moorish influences, while featuring an urban design. [6] It is square in shape thrusting skyward. Would you like Wikipedia to always look as professional and up-to-date? The adoption of this plan has been described as "a conflict between King Hassan II the ancient aristocrat and King Hassan II the contemporary leader who must develop commerce and industry in order meet the needs of his country. Two large breakwaters were also built, to protect the mosque from the erosive action of the ocean waves, which can be up to 10 metres (33 ft) in height. Construction was scheduled to be completed in 1989 ready for Hassan II's 60th birthday. "[15] The building dimensions are 200 metres (660 ft) in length and 100 metres (330 ft) in width. Die größten haben einen Durchmesser von sechs Metern, eine Höhe von zehn Metern und ein Gewicht von 1.200 kg.
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