We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here. Virginia McNaughton, The Genus Lavandula. The flowers are of a stunning purple color, growing on stiff straight stems. To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of our site. The plants are extremely tolerant to heat and humidity, blooming in summer. There is nothing more charming than the perfume released by Lavender (Lavandula) when brushing the flowers as you pass! This is an award winning variety with dense plump bright purple flowers with a strong sweet fragrance, growing on long stems. Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. Accept Utility: Evergreen garden borders and rock gardens; excellent as container plant. Thumbelina Leigh - small, compact, dark violet flowers, good for containers. Utility: Mass planting and garden borders. Utility: In large herb gardens, mass planting, garden hedges; cut flower arrangements. Keep in mind that in the aromatherapy field many practitioners will only consider angustifolia as an essential oil and not lavandins. In Northern latitudes the two most common species are angustifolia and x intermedia (also called lavandin). Some produce less oil, but have a softer, sweeter scent. True to the name, the flower stalks grow around a foot long. Up to 3-4 in. If you ask a dozen different people what their favorite culinary lavender is, you will get a dozen different answers. Melissa - medium plant with light pink flowers. First time visitors to a lavender farm frequently exclaim, “I thought it was just a purple bush!” Even enthusiasts are amazed to find out how many varieties exist. Hidcote - small with dark bluish purple flowers. Produces sweetly fragrant violet-blue flower spikes around early or mid-summer, this variety needs a yearly pruning, proper air circulation and full sun to perform at its best. Drought-tolerant and hardy to hot climates, these plants are great for attracting butterflies and bees, while they are also deer and rabbit resistance. Sometimes considered less hardy than some other varieties, the fathead lavender grows dense, plump deep violet flower spikes from late spring to late summer. Culinary buds. Most of the varieties come from either the English lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) or the French/Spanish lavender (Lavandula stoechas). This Lavender type is great for formal or informal edging along walkways, raised wall beds, rock gardens, herb gardens and in mass plantings. These are referred to as Lavandula x intermedia or lavandins. Native to the western regions of the Mediterranean, these perennial plants grow pale lilac flowers on a long stalk, between late spring and late summer. Munstead - popular small plant with medium purple flowers, can bloom twice. Utility: cut and dry flowers; ground covers, hedges in large gardens. A little patience with testing varieties in the beginning will save a lot of work replacing plants later. English Lavender ( Lavandula angustifolia) Despite its name, the English lavender (common or true lavender) originated in the Mediterranean area. Looks great all year around thanks to its neat and tight bloom habit. long (7-10 cm), its flower spikes rise elegantly on long stems and retain their lovely and intense color, making this lavender an excellent choice for cut flowers, whether fresh or dried. Judyth A. McLeod, United States Lavender Growers Association (US Lavender). Tim Upson & Susyn Andrews, Lavender, how to grow and use the fragrant herb. One of the few plants to be equally important in landscaping, cooking, herbal medicine, and in the cosmetic industry, lavender is a common choice for gardens and container planting. The strongly fragrant stunning dark purple flower spikes are spaced out a little, giving it a fluid flowing appearance, especially in wind. Leaves and flowers produce a nice aroma when brushed against. The flower stalks are 3-5 inches long, blooming in spring to summer. Utility: Mass planting, evergreen garden borders and hedges. Blooms once some time from late spring to late summer. They can be lavender, or combinations of white-pink, violet-blue, and purple-blue. A quite robust variety of French lavender from Portugal, it has been introduced to the gardening world quite recently. Has a rather long blooming season from late spring continuing through summer. It is an evergreen French lavender hybrid with light blue to purple flowers and stunning silver-green foliage that retains its color through winter. Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device. Utility: Walkways and garden borders where its fresh scent can be appreciated; excellent choice for container plant. Utility: Summer garden hedges, mass planting, in butterfly gardens. If you have a lavender plant and are not sure exactly which one it is, send us a picture so we can help. Trimming the plants in summer encourages lush bushier foliage. French/Spanish Lavender ( Lavandula stoechas) 3. Most Fragrant Lavandula Angustifolia - English Lavender. Utility: Mass planting, flowerbeds and container planting. Super (L. x intermedia) - higher oil producing lavandin with an oil fragrance similar to angustifolias. One of the first lavenders to bloom, it blooms once in mid to late spring (early to mid May). Cookies, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google, Lavandula angustifolia 'Folgate' (Lavender), Lavandula angustifolia 'Hidcote' (Lavender), Lavandula angustifolia 'Munstead' (Lavender), Lavandula angustifolia 'Royal Velvet' (Lavender), How to preserve the Fragrance of your Lavender, A Fabulous Duo: Rose 'Harlow Carr' & Lavender 'Hidcote', A Fabulous Duo: Rose 'Bonica' and Lavender 'Hidcote', A Fragrant Summer Border with Roses, Lavender, Pinks and Sea Holly, A Fragrant and Colorful Summer Border Idea, Great Plant Combination Ideas The plants are pretty hardy, needing full sun, also able to tolerate cold, coming back every year once winter is over. Crafting. Often considered the best-smelling type, English lavender and its varieties are the most common choices for rustic flower centerpieces and wedding bouquets. Native to the Mediterranean area, Lavender was already used by the Romans to perfume their baths (Lavender derives from "lavare" in Latin meaning "to be washed") and even by the Egyptians who covered their bodies with the perfume of Lavender unguents. The bright bluish-purple long flower stalks bloom in spring and summer, Utility: Borders, hedges; dry flowers; potpourri. Wreaths can be made from fresh or dried stems. The flowers are often the characteristic factor of these plants, helping to identify the different kinds of lavenders. Lavender wands use fresh stems to weave ribbon through. Dozens of Lavender varieties are available and finding the... Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden. Native to the western parts of the Mediterranean, this species grows long, pale lilac flower spikes with a distinctive scent that is stronger and more pungent than the English lavender. One of the most popular miniature types, they bloom around midsummer. Essential Oil. Also known as fringed lavender, this drought-tolerant, deer-resistant species grows almost throughout the year, and needs little maintenance. height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The dark grayish green foliage is highly aromatic. A great pick! Utility: Walkway and garden hedges; potpourri and extraction of essential oil. The gray-green narrow leaves have a rich lavender-rosemary aroma. Despite its name, the English lavender (common or true lavender) originated in the Mediterranean area. The flower stalks alone can grow up to a foot, with the blooming season being in summer. Utility: Mass planting, garden borders, hedges; in dry flower arrangements, wreaths and lavender wands. The flowers bloom in late spring, with the blooming season continuing throughout summer, and into fall. Another fragrant white lavender variety, it flowers from late spring to early fall, requiring little care besides full sunlight conditions. Lavenders blooming twice are known to have a full second flush of blooms after the flowers of the first bloom have been harvested. Utility: Colorful borders, flowerbeds, and hedges. A top choice for cut flowers, fresh or dried, and low hedges. Utility: Mass planting; perennial hedges, and borders in medium gardens. A good rule of thumb to follow is to taste the bud. As suggested by the name, it produces dense snow white fragrant flower spikes that create an attractive contrast with the silver-green foliage. The flower spikes alone are about 5-10 inches long, going well when planted with pink or yellow flowers. Utility: Landscaping, dry flower production (for decoration and craft). Royal Velvet - medium plant with dark purple flowers, Provence - large plant with pale purple flowers, Provence (L. x intermedia) - pale buds, some camphor scent, easy to take off stem, Grosso (L. x intermedia) - medium purple buds, strong camphor scent, Royal Velvet (L. angustifolia) - dark purple bud with sweet scent, Buena Vista (L. angustifolia)  - purple buds with nice lavender scent, Provence (L. x intermedia) - use for meats and savories, Royal Velvet (L. angustifolia) - great flavor and nice dark purple bud, very nice in desserts, Betty’s Blue (L. angustifolia) - nice gentle lavender flavor and dark bud, Melissa (L. angustifolia) - wonderful flavor in desserts and teas, Grosso - nice long stems for lavender wands, Folgate (L. angustifolia)  - early blooming, dries dark blue/purple, great for wreaths, Royal Velvet (L. angustifolia) - dries dark purple, great for wreaths, Buena Vista (L. angustifolia) - dries dark purple, great for wreaths, Most angustifolias bloom earlier than lavandins, Buena Vista – blooms several times during the season, Grosso (L. x intermedia) - considered the highest oil producing lavender, high camphor content, Royal Velvet (L. angustifolia) - sweeter, floral fragrance, Super (L. x intermedia) - higher oil producing lavandin with an oil fragrance similar to angustifolias, Maillette (L. angustifolia)  - considered the oil standard in France, one of the best angustifolia, The Lavender Lover’s Handbook. Long dark blue flower spikes appear around the early or middle part of summer. Utility: mass planting, flowerbeds, container planting; dry cut flower. Blooming season is early to late summer, with the flowers retaining their scent for years after drying. Utility: Borders around walkways and garden walls, flowerbeds, and mass planting. Buena Vista - medium sized plant, purple flowers that blooms continuously, Folgate - medium bush with light bluish flowers, one of the first to bloom in spring. A compact perennial from Europe and northwestern Africa, its flowers are carmine in color with white or pinkish ears that contrast nicely with the light green foliage. Join now and start creating your dream garden! Flowers appear in summer, with the plant blooming three times a year. They can grow in acidic to alkaline soil including sandy and chalky soils, but do not do well in fertile soils. Utility: Small plants suitable for small gardens, both for flowerbeds and borders; dry flower. Deleting this collection CANNOT be undone. Utility: Short borders, flowerbeds, and mass planting. Dried buds. The bushy plants grow 6-7 inches long flower flusters, between mid- and late-spring, having a pleasant long-lasting fragrance. Blooming twice in a year, during later spring to mid- to late summer, the sweetly fragrant flowers are of a cool bluish lavender shade, which contrast nicely with the plant’s gray-green foliage. To assist you in selecting the right plant, we have prepared this guide, which we hope will be helpful to you. Currently there are over 45 different species with over 450 varieties. Even varieties that are not rated for your growing zone can be used, but just consider them as annuals to be replaced every year. Fresh Cut/You Cut. Other varieties used in cooking include ‘Grosso’ and ‘Provence’. There are over 450 Lavender varieties and finding the most fragrant Lavender plant is not always an easy task. The fragrant lilac fluffy flower spikes create a stunning view when contrasted with the silver-/gray-green leaves. It should be noted that the Lavandin plants (Lavandula x intermedia) are also prized for their delightful scent. Some varieties are wonderful as accent plants but have little fragrance. Excellent for crafts and dried flowers as it retains its color. Landscaping. Utility: Mass planting, herb gardens, hedge in smaller gardens; excellent for essential oil. It is often considered to be the most cultivated lavender plant, widely used in the perfume and cosmetics industry. The evergreen shrub flowers in summer, with the tall, upright gray-green foliage adding to its charm. The violet to purple to pink flower-heads grow some distinct bracts that resemble rabbit ears. Thick gray-green (summer) to silver-green (winter) foliage. Blooms twice starting in late spring or early summer. Blooms twice starting in late spring or early summer. The plants flower between spring and summer. Not all Lavenders are highly scented. The size and foliage somewhat resembles the ‘grosso’ variety, but the flowers are a dark purple, growing on flatter spikes. Sharon Shipley introduced “The Lavender Cookbook” in 2004 and favored Provence, a lavandin, as the best culinary lavender. Ideas with Lavandula - Lavenders, Lavandula angustifolia (English Lavender), A Mediterranean Garden Idea with Eryngium, Helenium and Lavandula, A Low Care Border Idea for Your Rock Garden, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, Dried Arrangements, Cut Flowers, Fragrant, Showy, Deer, Drought, Rabbit, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil, Strongest Scented English Lavender Varieties. The bronze foliage comes in nice contrast with the white flower growing on long upright stems. Utility: Hedges and borders in medium gardens. More lavender species/varieties have yet to be classified. A fragrant variety with characteristic purple-blue flowers rising above the gray-green foliage, with the blooming season being from late spring to summer. Suitable to be grown only in large gardens as it tends to take over. Among the most fragrant Lavenders are several cultivars of English Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia). A rose-pink variety of lavender with frothy flower spikes, it is often planted in gardens and flowerbeds along with roses and peonies. Being draught tolerant, lavender can thrive in areas where other plants won’t even grow. Utility: For flowerbeds, borders; flower stalks suitable for cutting and drying. Flowering season starts late in summer. The rich, velvety dark navy blue flowers of English Lavender 'Royal Velvet' are truly eye-catching. Blooms once in late spring or early summer. The popularity of cooking with lavender has produced many delicious recipes using lavender. Hardy, Lavender 'Folgate' has been proven to withstand cold temperatures and comes back year after year. Lavender belongs to the genus Lavandula. The classic English lavender is the most popular type of culinary lavender, with all its cultivars being suitable for edible uses. Note this is the default cart. The evergreen plants flower between mid-late spring and late summer. One of the most compact varieties, ‘Thumbelina Leigh’ grows dark bluish-lavender plump flower spikes with a strong and pleasant scent. 2. Utility: fresh cut and dried flowers, homemade potpourri. Generally speaking, lavandins have longer stems and the bloom time is later than that of L. angustifolia. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. Utility: Low hedges, and walkways, where it’s sweet fragrant can be enjoyed. Blooming in summer, the flowers have a wonderful strong fragrance; the bushy plants tend to get unruly without proper pruning. with Lavandula - Lavenders, Want Garden Inspiration? The blooming season is early in the spring, continuing to mid-spring or early summer. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Highly popular, English Lavender 'Hidcote' is a free flowering variety that is prized by most gardeners for its long lasting and delightful scent as well as the fashion in which its dark purple flower spikes beautifully contrast with its blue-green evergreen foliage. May have a second and third flush of flowers during the season if the flowers are cut soon enough. Check these Great Plant Combination Lavandula angustifolia 'Folgate' (Lavender) Looks great all year around thanks to its neat and tight bloom habit. Ellen Spector Platt, Lavender, Sweet Lavender. After you choose a location, test the soil, decide how to weed and water, deciding on what varieties you are going to plant is one of the major decisions you have to make. 1. Hidcote is a perfect choice for low hedges, for edging or for creating borders. Producing rather unique pink flowers with a strong scent, this variety blooms around late spring to early summer. Cultivars of this species tend to be compact in habit and have grayish green narrow leaves and relatively short compact flower spikes. Since then, angustifolias have taken the top spot for culinary lavenders. Utility: Borders and flowerbeds where its feathery flower-heads can sway in breeze; container plant; cut/dry flower. Utility: Ideal for drying as it retains its color and fragrance for years; Being one of the tallest varieties, it is ideal for hedges in larger gardens. Utility: Tall aromatic hedges; fresh cut flowers and dry flower arrangements. Blooming once or twice in middle to late spring, the purple flower heads rise above the evergreen foliage. This is a white lavender variety, with the sweet fragrant flowers growing in short stiff spines over the short bushy foliage comprising of narrow grayish leaves. You may want to research what species and varieties are in demand before planting for essential oil production. Only plants will be removed from the collection. The aromatic silvery-green foliage is similar to the English variety. Introduced in 1916 by the garden designer Gertrude Jekill, this small cultivar grows well in containers and is a great choice for hedges or knot gardens. Buds are used in recipes, whole or ground, flavoring sugar, oils, butter, honey, or lavender extract. Varieties produce different quantities of oil. Extremely fragrant, Lavandula angustifolia 'Royal Velvet' is appreciated by gardeners for its rapid growth, its long lasting blooms, as well as its tolerance of wet winters. Which variety to plant would be determined by space available and the size of the plant at maturity. The deep purple flower stalks are considered to be the darkest variety by many gardeners, while the flags are of a soothing purple-violet shade; the dark green foliage is highly aromatic. Types of Lavender Plants – Growing Conditions, Uses, Pictures. Your email address will not be published. Compact, extremely fragrant with rosy purple flowers, Lavender 'Munstead' is very attractive throughout the year. Utility: Ground cover, hedges; fragrant fresh and dried flower arrangements and crafts. Not all Lavenders are highly scented. Essential Oil: Grosso (L. x intermedia) - considered the highest oil producing lavender, high camphor content. The flowers have a stronger pungent aroma compared to most other lavenders. Royal Velvet (L. angustifolia) - sweeter, floral fragrance. Utility: Ideal for short informal walkway borders or hedges as well as for containers. One of the darkest pink varieties, the evergreen plant is quite hardy to hot dry conditions. It is often regarded as one of the best quality oil producer, though the amount of oil extracted is less than other varieties. The light purple or mauve flags create a nice contrast. Counted among the largest lavender plants, it produces highly fragrant light blue flowers, blooming from mid-summer to early fall. The description of these plants Required fields are marked *, Get email updates about what's new for gardeners this season. Utility: Perennial borders and small herb gardens; container planting. Being from the Mediterranean regions, they all need poor to medium soil with excellent drainage along with full sunlight. There are many other cultivars as well, created by mixing different species. To enjoy the delightful fragrance of your Lavender, long after its blossoms have faded, follow these easy steps. Another dwarf variety, with stunning purple-lilac flowers, and lush silvery green foliage. Lavandula angustifolia, also called True Lavender or Common Lavender has long been cultivated for its high quality lavender oil. Pretty easy to grow and take care of, all varieties and cultivars are quite hardy, drought- and heat tolerant. has been written based on numerous outside resources. It has an extended blooming season between spring and summer, lasting around 4 weeks. One of the dwarf varieties of English lavender, it grows dark purple-blue flowers with strong fragrance. Many times, the more people you ask, the more confused you have become. Utility: Fresh cut or dried flowers (retains its scent for about 2 years); potpourri; hedges and borders. What variety should you plant? Another variety with a delicate sweet smell, these plants are also rather hardy. © United States Lavender Growers Association. The following cultivars of L. angustifolia and its hybrids have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:- Depending on the craft, do you want long stemmed, short stemmed, pale or dark flowers? Utility: Excellent for drying as, like ‘royal purple’, it is good at holding its color and scent. The long flower stalks bloom in late spring to late summer, and rise above the bushy semi-evergreen foliage. Flowering typically occurs from late spring to midsummer. Counted among the largest lavender types, ‘seal’ is also one of the most striking varieties with bright purple flowers contrasting with the dark green foliage. Perfect for rock or gravel gardens, this plant combination... Not all Lavenders are created equal! As evident from the name, it grows white flower spikes, which look stunning when planted with other darker lavender cultivars. There are 5 primary types of lavender or Lavandula, which are then mixed and crossed together to create at least 40-50 other varieties and cultivars. Some varieties are wonderful as accent plants, but have little fragrance. A rather showy dwarf variety with dark purple to navy blue wonderfully fragrant flowers that grow 3-4 inches long spikes. The flower buds look pinkish before the flowers appear. Utility: Tall hedges; fresh-cut and dried flowers; grade 2 oil production, One of the newer introductions, this variety is fast growing in popularity for its exceptional drought-, heat-, humidity-, and even cold-tolerance, making it quite easy to take care of. Most varieties will produce buds that can be harvested for sachets or products using buds, but some will have a stronger fragrance and have a darker colored bud. Another dwarf variety with purplish pink inflorescence, it is ideal for small gardens, especially since it has little to no tendency to overpower other plants. Compact bush with narrow leaves and very fragrant, iridescent violet blooms. The flower clusters grow in long upright stems, around the middle or later part of summer. Light blue to purple beautifully fragrant flowers are spaced away from each other, with individual flowers being rather large.
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