NEC Directive (EU) 2016/2284 on the reduction of national emissions of certain atmospheric pollutants. Congratulations to Craig Wiles, winner of the Michigan Association for Evaluation Service Award, for his exemplary service to the Association! Third, with regard to energy efficiency, an ambition gap for 2030 remains. the role of hydrogen in the energy transition. In this context, it will be important to ensure that (national) subsidies do not unduly distort competition and trade among Member States. For example, at least 10 Member States have indicated their intention to phase out coal production of electricity in the coming years and the replacement of the decommissioned capacity mainly by renewable technologies. ) energy services, administrative capacities, and skills. The pooling of architectural heritage renovation projects could also trigger the large scale production of specific technologies such as solar shingles or photovoltaic glass, and render those a cost-effective option for the renovation of historic buildings. Croatia, Estonia, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Portugal and Spain. Portail des évaluations de la DEPP (Direction de l'Évaluation, de la Prospective et de la Performance) A.S.P. L'évaluation se déroule en 3 séances non consécutives. , with some making use of existing regional fora in drawing up the plans, the full potential of regional cooperation has yet to be seized. Early estimates suggest that renewable power generation capacity continued to grow by 6.2% in 2019, with a market growth of 33% compared to 2018., Including photovoltaic, batteries, renewable hydrogen, wind and ocean energy, grid and electronic components. The NECPs show that the transition has further accelerated due to global changes in prices of fossil fuels and falling costs of renewable energies. NECPs provide a clear signal from Member States that they back the rapid and cost-effective transition to a resilient carbon neutral economy, strongly based on renewables, which will help the private sector invest confidently. The regulatory and policy frameworks at EU level (e.g. 29 Based on Commission calculations, to achieve the current EU 2030 climate and energy targets, annual investments related to energy production and use will need to increase in 2021-2030 by just over 1 percentage points of GDP on average, compared to the previous decade, that is, an increase of around €260 billion per year. Restitution. Nonetheless, several Member States, notably those which are projected to lag behind at this stage should consider additional measures, including in the form of cooperation mechanisms, to ensure that they achieve their 2020 national binding targets. Public-private partnerships Aggregating the projection information included in the NECPs reveals that around a third of the 2005 EU carbon sink could be lost by 2030. 26 The Council also discussed the preparation of the plans in various occasions. The potential for cross-border regional initiatives The NECPs are not a one off exercise, but an iterative process. Certificat, copie, légalisation et conservation de documents. for renewable energy, energy efficiency and greenhouse gas reductions. . Regional planning of auctions, such as for offshore wind, would help build a steady pipeline of projects and underscore foresight and recovery contribution of this sector Renewable Energy Financing Mechanism C(2020)6123, operational as of January 2021. Les résultats individuels et par classe seront disponibles dès le lendemain des passations effectives. Examples of this happening already are the four existing groups: the Pentalateral and CESEC, the Northern Seas initiative, and the Baltic countries (for example Estonia and Latvia are planning a joint auction for offshore wind). L'ÉVALUATION DE DÉBUT DE SIXIÈMEQUI ? 2. Further grid rules and infrastructure adaptation will be necessary to cater for both increasing decentralised generation, large offshore renewable production and integration of hybrid projects combining renewables with storage, in particular renewable hydrogen. . , or have committed to phasing-out coal (including lignite and peat), indicating specific dates in their NECPs (see above chart). The planned sectoral national policies are often strongly focused on a broad set of measures addressing transport. This means that the collective ambition for 2030 has been increased compared to the conservative scenario from the draft plans Such as the Papillon project (city-NGO-industry) in Belgium, The Commission Staff Working Document Energy Security: good practices to address pandemic risks, contains a list of risks and challenges in the short-term and long term, as well as a series of 20 good practices to address risks in the energy sector that are associated with a pandemic. Belgium is considering shifting food production to the sea, Q1/2020 also saw a drop in coal and gas power generation (38 TWh and 3 TWh), the highest ever renewables share in the power mix in the EU (40% having risen by 38TWh), and reduced natural gas imports of €10 billion, The development of the EU taxonomy for environmentally sustainable economic activities is one of the key actions of 2018 Action Plan for Financing Sustainable Growth. Cette évaluation se déroule tous les 3 ans. On interconnections, Germany indicated that it needs €55 billion to upgrade its existing electricity transmission system and to build new onshore transmission infrastructure by 2030. Vous serez alerté(e) par courriel dès qu'un article sera publié par la rédaction sur : Vous pouvez choisir d'autres sujets d'actualité dans Mes alertes. flexible networks), by its users (generators, consumers and prosumers). The energy mix is projected to change even faster than expected by many only recently. Member States have engaged since 2018 to prepare their NECPs, to be submitted by 31 December 2019. Worldwide, jobs in the energy efficiency sector are expected to total around 21 million by 2050. . The COVID-19 crisis currently impacts on energy consumption, which might unexpectedly bring the EU very close to reaching the 2020 energy efficiency targets. Throughout this process, the Commission will continue its dialogue with Member States with a view to supporting the full implementation of the plans, prepare their update due in 2023 and ensure they remain the compass to guide the national progress towards reaching ambitious energy and climate targets in 2030 and beyond. to rebuild the European economy and accelerate the innovation and market uptake of new technologies and innovation for climate neutrality. Although later GDP data are not available, existing forecasts for the rest of 2020 also imply that the U.S. will look even better than this once the second-half numbers come in. In June 2019, the Commission examined the draft plans, and provided individual feedback to the Member States, , which took into account most of the recommendations. Congratulations to Craig Wiles, winner of the Michigan Association for Evaluation Service Award, for his exemplary service to the Association! The EU thus appears well on track to achieve the European target of 20% renewables share in final energy consumption by 2020. In the field of energy and climate, the priority areas for reforms and investments include: -the renovation of the building stock and access to affordable housing; -decarbonisation of industry and renewable energy; -energy system integration including infrastructure, batteries and renewable hydrogen. Chaque élève bénéficie d'un retour individualisé. À noter : Dans le contexte particulier de la rentrée 2020, des questions ont été ajoutées aux évaluations afin de recueillir le ressenti des élèves par rapport à la fermeture des établissements et aux difficultés liées à la crise sanitaire. Support also comes in the form of technical assistance (Structural Reform Support Programme, the EIB-Commission support through Jaspers, ENER’s START programme and contract with the World Bank). Promote investments and a just transition. At the EU level, IRENA estimated 2.7 million jobs in renewables by 2050, 1.7 in energy efficiency and 0.8 in system flexibility, . There are over 20 battery factories under development (at different maturity stages) with numerous projects across the whole value chain, including extraction and refining raw materials, battery materials, and recycling. Thus, the challenge to increase energy efficiency efforts goes beyond the ambition gap of the final NECPs and additional measures need to match the ambition required by the Communication on stepping up Europe’s 2030 climate ambition. the conditions that have to be met by Member States in order to receive this funding. Though Member States follow different paths to sector integration, the recently adopted, EU Strategy for Energy System Integration. The Commission will also continue promoting dialogue and cooperation with and among local authorities through the Covenant of Mayors (already covering 320 million EU citizens in over 10 000 municipalities), the Clean Energy for EU Island Initiative (56 islands in 25 Member States) 1 Recommendations from the Commission in these respects where not fully taken into account. . IEA (International Energy Agency), World Energy Outlook, Special Report Sustainable Recovery, June 2020; on average the three above mentioned measures create between 10-15 jobs for every million euros. Use, Other sites managed by the Publications Office, This Communication presents the EU-wide assessment of the 27 National Energy and Climate Plans (from here onwards NECPs or the plans) submitted by Member States in accordance with the EU’s Governance regulation, , across all the dimensions of the Energy Union and in the light of the European Green Deal, This assessment comes at the end of an extensive process of preparation and coordination at national level and constant dialogue between the Member States, the Commission and the other EU institutions. During his time on the MAE board (2013 - 2019), Craig organized the 2015 – 2017 MAE conferences, served as secretary for one year, and led the effort to establish the Tom Jones Memorial Scholarship Award. Essayez ultérieurement. This will improve the process of identifying synergies and avoiding or mitigating trade-offs, while promoting synergetic measures (e.g. The Just Transition Mechanism, and the Just Transition Fund at its core, is specifically designed to address the social and economic impacts of the transition, focusing on the regions, industries and workers who will face the greatest challenges. Other plans cover technology deployment aspects and thus take a broader competitiveness approach to national suppliers of clean technologies, including the value chains to develop such solutions. L'élève doit résoudre des exercices portant sur : De plus, en 2020, en français, la compréhension de textes écrits longs est complétée par un test de fluence qui permet de connaître la capacité des élèves à lire correctement un texte à voix haute en respectant la ponctuation et le rythme des groupes syntaxiques. This will further boost competitiveness and decarbonise demand side sectors such as buildings, industry, and transport, which traditionally relied on fossil fuels. However, this is not the result of structural changes nor adaptations and will not be long-lasting. EVALUATION NATIONALE DE DÉBUT DE 6E Objectifs de l’évaluation 4 Permettre aux équipes pédagogiques, en complément des outils propres à chaque enseignant, de disposer d'un panorama de compétences de chaque élève en français et en mathématiques. role of ecosystem services for mitigation and adaptation, but also risks in terms of biodiversity loss). Public-private partnerships. The assessment of the NECPs shows that for the economy-wide greenhouse gas emissions reductions, including those covered by the EU ETS, emissions reduce under existing and planned measures by 41% below 1990 levels, surpassing the EU 40% reduction target All stakeholders need to continue cooperating and providing support to regions in a tailored manner, including through implementing the Just Transition Mechanism and Fund. However, most plans lack quantitative indicators and are therefore not measurable. Measures promoting the circular economy with its potential for growth and jobs creation will also help further reduce waste emissions. Avoir une connaissance précise des compétences des élèves pour les aider à mieux apprendre.COMMENT ? The importance of the Primary Energy Factor in the facilitation of energy efficient decision between different energy carriers should be fully recognised. There is an array of instruments to help realise renewable, energy efficiency and other emissions reduction projects, which can, in certain instances, be complemented by private financing mechanisms. Additional investments in renewables can also have a quick and positive impact on the recovery of the economy (as well as reduce energy bills and improve air quality in the case of non-combustible renewable). Lowering energy bills, alleviating energy poverty, and, in the long-run, improving public health and comfortable living, can make society more resilient to potential future crisis. 2.3.3. Mises en place en 2018, les évaluations standardisées des acquis des élèves répondent à trois objectifs : À savoir : Les indicateurs sont des résultats agrégés sans information de nom, de prénom ou de classe. 19 Member States have included information on fossil fuel subsidies. batteries, hydrogen fuel cells). Working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. Before the end of 2020, the Commission will adopt a new fit-for-future regulatory framework for batteries, which will aim to ensure that all batteries placed on the EU market (regardless of their origin) meet the highest standards regarding performance, durability, safety, responsible sourcing of raw materials and minimal  environmental impact, including low carbon footprint over their life cycle. The NECPs will be an important starting point in the preparation of the national strategic plans, especially for describing how to achieve the climate objectives of the CAP. Commission will also promote greater demand side flexibility through a Network Code, , revision of the State Aid guidelines, and consumer information, Member States need to fulfil their obligation to report on, energy subsidies, in particular for fossil fuel subsidies, and measures to phase them out. Though most Member States recognise the importance of the new electricity market design, only some have a holistic approach to necessary changes in forward-looking objectives. The actions described in the NECPs are also relevant in the context of the Biodiversity Strategy, ‘farm to fork strategy and the forthcoming forestry strategy. Member States to report on the impacts of industrial, agricultural, transport and energy policies and measures on air pollution, linked to environmental legislation In social housing, it is estimated that €57 billion per year is needed, In view of the 2030 objectives and the envisaged, , the energy infrastructure (transmission and distribution networks, heating and cooling, transport, and energy storage) investment needs are estimated at the level of €59 billion per year, electrolysers are estimated between €24-42 billion plus €220-340 billion to scale up and directly connect 80-120 GW of solar and wind energy production capacity. should explore the potential of speeding up building renovation in providing recovery stimulus where it is most needed: the local economies and SMEs, (who account for 90% of the construction sector). However, this is not the result of structural changes nor adaptations and will not be long-lasting. The actions described in the NECPs are also relevant in the context of the Biodiversity Strategy, ‘farm to fork strategy and the forthcoming forestry strategy. Numerous projects are underway. 20 NECPs included detailed measures to increasing the use of bicycles. The Innovation Fund launched a first call in July 2020, providing €1 billion to large-scale projects for clean and innovative technologies. the renovation of the building stock and access to affordable housing; decarbonisation of industry and renewable energy; energy system integration including infrastructure, batteries and renewable hydrogen. It has tested the resilience of critical energy infrastructures and highlighted their vulnerability to shortages in the supply of strategic components and technologies, as well as the importance of preserving strategic supply chains. The impact assessment accompanying the Communication on stepping up Europe’s 2030 climate ambition. The Commission will continue working with Member States and affected territories to ensure a just transition, leaving no affected region and their people behind. Each €1 million shifted from brown to green energy would create a net increase of five jobs Le Programme international pour le suivi des acquis des élèves (PISA) est une évaluation créée par l'Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques (OCDE), qui vise à tester les compétences des élèves de 15 ans en lecture, sciences et mathématiques. Recovery from the COVID-19 crisis will lead to a rebound in energy consumption, which means that additional energy efficiency efforts and investments are needed to make energy efficiency gains structural, The Energy Union has recognised a prominent role of, and enshrined the guiding “Energy Efficiency First” principle into legislation, most final NECPs only set out limited details on the application of this principle. the role of hydrogen in the energy transition. Renewables may also provide replacement employment in eligible Just Transition regions and generally in a decentralised manner also opportunities for remote areas and islands. Global Renewables Outlook: Energy transformation 2050. 60 8 11 A number of NECPs also acknowledge energy efficiency and domestic renewables as key factors contributing to their energy security (Malta, Luxembourg, France, Lithuania and Portugal). Article 31(3) of Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2018 on the Governance of the Energy Union and Climate Action, All coal, peat and oil shale regions (DE, PL, CZ, BG, RO, ES, EL, IE, HU, SK) are supported via EU funds (Cohesion policy, LIFE, H2020). Chaque enfant doit pouvoir travailler individuellement, au calme, pour faire des exercices, répéter ses leçons ou exercer sa mémoire et son sens de l’analyse, avec la possibilité d’être aidé quand il en a besoin. Half of the plans mention concrete hydrogen-related objectives for the domestic generation of renewable or low-carbon hydrogen, for end-use in industry and hard-to-electrify transport sectors (such as Luxembourg which aims to make steel more sustainable through renewable hydrogen use). According to the IEA, a sustainable recovery plan could add 1.1 percentage points to global economic growth each year. joint work by Commission and Polish partners in Poland’s coal country team set up under the initiative led to €100 million of ERDF and Cohesion Funds being reprogrammed in Silesia to support local ‘just transition’ projects. Each €1 million shifted from brown to green energy would create a net increase of five jobs, . All Member States have now presented their final plans 70 . . It will also inform the Commission’s assessment of the recovery and resilience plans. The approval of Territorial Just Transition Plans by the Commission will unlock dedicated financing not only from the Just Transition Fund but also from the dedicated just transition scheme under InvestEU and the EIB public sector loan facility (the two other pillars of the Just Transition Mechanism). If, on the contrary, the carbon sink is smaller than the business-as-usual counterfactual, then the corresponding emissions are considered debits and this sector creates net emissions; these would need to be compensated by using allocations from the effort sharing sectors At the EU level, IRENA estimated 2.7 million jobs in renewables by 2050, 1.7 in energy efficiency and 0.8 in system flexibility Sur support numérique (adapté pour les élèves en situation de handicap). 12 Member States have indicated (the intention to) work on setting plans to phase out fossil fuel subsidies. Building on the NECPs, Member States should make better practical use of regional cooperation. All Member States have now presented their final plans, containing an integrated vision of the energy and climate transition for the next ten years. sink enable synergies and significant opportunities for recovery and resilience. In Belgium, the regions of Brussels and Flanders. pour exercer ces droits. Other important areas of work are to create lead markets for climate-neutral and circular products and to develop climate-neutral solutions and finance their uptake. Member States have addressed the recommendation describe and list energy subsidies in their NECPs, the quality of the information ranges from general descriptions to comprehensive and quantified lists of subsidies. It will also promote relevant Green Deal initiatives, notably the Renovation Wave and the Strategy for Energy Sector Integration, which will be key to promote further energy efficiency to bridge the gap. Lowering energy bills, alleviating energy poverty, and, in the long-run, improving public health and comfortable living, can make society more resilient to potential future crisis. Also the investment in public transport and promoting its use, as often planned, will help recovery. Few Member States describe specific measures to optimise access to and use of regional facilities or how to plan better renewable energy deployment and energy efficiency measures in cooperation with other Member States. L’objectif de ces évaluations est de permettre aux équipes pédagogiques de disposer d’indicateurs sur certaines compétences afin d’accompagner, dès le début d’année, les élèves qui présentent des fragilités. In its NECP, Germany has set a target of 7-10 million electric vehicles by 2030 and up to 1 million public accessible recharging points by 2030. The priority given to energy and climate investments is reflected in the Commission’s proposal for the 2021-2027 EU long-term budget. Only three countries (Italy, Denmark, and Portugal) have performed a comprehensive stocktake of fossil fuel subsidies and few Member States intend to phase them out or have formulated specific policies. Nature-based solutions and the protection of natural areas are also mentioned. The Commission will continue to assist the remaining Member States in increasing their interconnection capacity and ensure that existing interconnection capacity is fully used to maximise the benefits of the internal energy market in line with EU law The NECPs also provide an opportunity to strengthen the role of consumers as active participants and beneficiaries of the green transition. On interconnections, Germany indicated that it needs €55 billion to upgrade its existing electricity transmission system and to build new onshore transmission infrastructure by 2030. IRENA (International Renewable Energy Agency)  As of end-August 2020, only 12 Member States 31 had submitted their long-term strategies 32. A considerable number of NECPs refer to smart meter deployment with a specific and measurable target as enabling consumers to actively participate in the market. remain a major impediment to a cost-efficient energy and climate transition and to a functioning internal market. 71 30 Currently, these targets range from 0 to -40% in 2030 compared to 2005 to achieve EU-wide minimum reductions in sectors not covered by the EU Emission Trading System (ETS), . All Member States should strengthen the link between National Air Pollution Control Programmes (NAPCPs) and NECPs, also in terms of implementation at local level. Art. In addition, all Member States can use credits from the LULUCF sector to help achieve their ESR targets. Vous serez alerté(e) par courriel dès qu'un article sera publié par la rédaction. We rely on sponsors to continue to be able to provide conferences, professional development and other services to our community. . L'évaluation des acquis des élèves du CP au lycée, La circulaire de rentrée 2020 au Bulletin officiel, Évaluations de CP, CE1, 6e, tests de positionnement en seconde et CAP, Personnes vulnérables : la nouvelle liste de critères depuis le 12 novembre, Brevet, baccalauréat, CAP et BEP : les dates des examens 2021, Tests antigéniques : une pratique déployée dans les pharmacies et les aéroports, Épidémie Coronavirus (Covid-19) : ce qu'il faut savoir, Circuler à vélo : tout ce que vous devez savoir, Le rôle des Actualités est de signaler rapidement des mesures susceptibles de modifier ou préciser des droits et Member states could also collaborate on the pilot testing of breakthrough energy efficiency or energy generation technologies, with a view to identifying the most efficient and cost-effective technologies and triggering their industrial production. 4 55 The Commission will help address this in a strategic manner in its upcoming Strategy for Offshore Renewable Energy by identifying key actions in the area of maritime planning, upscaling technologies, and a new approach to infrastructure planning. Épidémie Coronavirus (Covid-19), tout ce qu'il faut savoir : lire l'actualité, Accueil Particuliers >Actualités >Évaluations scolaires nationales de la rentrée 2020 : mieux repérer les besoins des élèves. EU ETS, Innovation Fund, new industrial policy and the circular economy action plan) and at national level can help to accelerate and support modernisation and deep transformation of the energy-intensive industry ecosystem to climate-neutrality, including through the use of hydrogen and carbon capture utilisation and storage. Des fiches destinées aux professeurs proposent des pistes d'analyse des résultats des élèves aux évaluations et différentes activités à mettre en place en classe. Toutes les données collectées le sont selon un protocole d'anonymisation. Most NECPs acknowledge Statistiques Coal regions in transition is an EU initiative to help address challenges and opportunities in those areas Accès à l'application de suivi des passations . rédaction de d'éventuelles coquilles ou erreurs présentes dans l’article : It has tested the resilience of critical energy infrastructures and highlighted their vulnerability to shortages in the supply of strategic components and technologies, as well as the importance of preserving strategic supply chains. These would complement other actions targeting public procurement, energy audits, heating and cooling and recovery of waste heat (including from industrial sites and data centres. ) , including the revision of network codes for renewable energies. Building on the existing framework centred around the NECPs, this will nonetheless require adaptations to evolving needs and policy priorities under the Green Deal and the recovery and resilience plans.
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