The school has also long been a centre for literary criticism and theory, from one-time director Gustave Lanson to major twentieth-century figures of the field such as Paul Bénichou, Jean-Pierre Richard and Gérard Genette. ENS de Lyon is an elite French public higher education institution that trains professors, researchers in the academic system through fundamental research. Elle est soumise aux dispositions de ce même code et des textes pris pour son application sous réserve des dérogations prévues au présent décret. Built on the tradition of the ENS de Fontenay-Saint-Cloud, founded in 1880, the ENS de Lyon also focuses on educational research. Several auxiliary buildings surround this main campus in adjacent streets. It has for example financed the Louis Pasteur villa, situated close by ENS, which welcomes foreign researchers for extended stays. [54] This main library, which covers several thousand square metres, is one of the largest free access funds of books in France, with upwards of 800,000 books readily available and more than 1600 periodicals. Since the 1936 establishment of the Fields Medal, often called the "Nobel Prize for mathematics", ten normaliens have been recipients, contributing to ENS's reputation as one of the world's foremost training grounds for mathematicians: Laurent Schwartz, Jean-Pierre Serre (also a recipient of the inaugural Abel Prize in 2003), René Thom, Alain Connes, Jean-Christophe Yoccoz, Pierre-Louis Lions, Laurent Lafforgue, Wendelin Werner, Cédric Villani and Ngô Bảo Châu. Two other écoles normales supérieures were established in the 20th century: the École Normale Supérieure de Lyon (sciences and humanities); and the École normale supérieure Paris-Saclay (pure and applied sciences, sociology, economics and management, English language). Les personnels du département de mathématiques et applications de l'Ecole normale supérieure (Paris) réunis en assemblée générale le lundi 16 décembre 2019 expriment leur forte opposition à l'actuel projet de réforme des retraites du gouvernement et appellent à se joindre au mouvement de contestation et à participer aux manifestations. ENS also is a member of the Franco-Chinese laboratory Saladyn since 2013. More recently, the fourth école normale supérieure was created on January 2014 under the name of École Normale Supérieure de Rennes (pure and applied sciences, economics and management, law school, sport) in Brittany. This rejuvenation continued into the 1930s, as exemplified by the 1935 launch of the influential Nicolas Bourbaki project, whose work permeated the field of mathematics throughout the 20th century. The fallout from the May 1968 protests caused President of the Republic Georges Pompidou, himself a former student at the school, to require the resignation of its director, Robert Flacelière and to appoint his contemporary Jean Bousquet as his successor[citation needed]. The ENS de Lyon is home to numerous research laboratories in the fields of exact sciences, social sciences and the humanities. All French holders of the prize were educated at ENS. The students are free to choose their own course of study but must at least attain a master's degree in research. Other major ENS sociologists and anthropologists include Maurice Halbwachs, Alain Touraine and Philippe Descola. After the Second World War, in which some of its students were players in the Resistance, the school became more visible and increasingly perceived as a bastion of the communist left. It is committed to the development and diffusion of knowledge, thus contributing to the progress of science and society. They split their time between training and research in sciences and humanities (from Bachelor’s to PhD). Later, as ENS came increasingly to be seen by some as an antechamber to the École nationale d'administration, more young students drawn to politics and public policy began to be attracted to it, such as future President of the Republic Georges Pompidou, Prime Ministers Alain Juppé and Laurent Fabius, and ministers such as Bruno Le Maire and Michel Sapin, respectively the current and former Ministers of Finance of France. In 2017, President Francois Hollande inaugurated a new building on site, which is home to the ENS economics department, the school's social science library, and the Paris School of Economics, an ENS project. An École préparatoire was created on 9 March 1826 at the site of collège Louis-le-Grand. [15][16][17] The school's students are often referred to as normaliens. The project was also conceived as a way to reestablish trust between the Republic and the country's elites, which had been alienated to some degree by the Reign of Terror. Take our free career test that will match you with programs and careers based on your interests and personality. [56][57] The school also features two specialised centres for documentation, the Bibliothèque des Archives Husserl, and the Centre d'Archives de Philosophie, d'Histoire et d'Edition des Sciences. His teaching, which continued till 1965, was vastly influential in shaping his students, who included Yvonne Bruhat, Gustave Choquet, Jacques Dixmier, Roger Godement, René Thom and Jean-Pierre Serre.[71]. King’s students that wish to study abroad at this institution should check the ‘Undergraduate options by department’ page to see if this institution is indeed an option for them. [69] It is generally regarded as the premier French institute for higher education and research, and it is currently ranked first among French universities by the ARWU and Times.[70]. Having been recognised as a success, a second school was created on its model at Sèvres for girls in 1881, followed by other schools at Fontenay, Saint-Cloud (both of which later moved to Lyon, and Cachan). The founder of the influential Négritude movement, Martinican poet Aimé Césaire, prepared and passed the entrance exam from the Lycée Louis-le-Grand where he was friends with future President of Senegal and fellow Négritude author Léopold Sédar Senghor, who failed the entrance exam. There may also be mandatory insurance costs, and transcripts may incur a fee. Later, Marxist political thinker Louis Althusser was a student at ENS and taught there for many years, and many of his disciples later became known for their own thought: among them were Étienne Balibar, philosopher Alain Badiou, who still teaches at the school as an emeritus professor, and Jacques Rancière. The École normale supérieure is also an institution of PSL Research University, a union of several higher education institutions, all located in Paris, which aims at achieving cooperation and developing synergies between its member institutions to promote French research abroad. A reminder that King's students on exchange are not required to pay tuition fees to the host university, but you may incur administrative and/or orientation fees at the host. Get complete details of the postgraduate programs offered by École Normale Supérieure de Lyon including how it performs in QS rankings, the cost of tuition and further course information. L'École normale supérieure de Lyon (ou ENS de Lyon) est une grande école scientifique et littéraire française, l'une des quatre écoles normales supérieures.Elle forme à l'enseignement et à la recherche dans le domaine des sciences fondamentales et expérimentales ainsi que dans celui des lettres et sciences humaines. Its status as one of the foremost centres of French research has led to its model being replicated elsewhere, in France (at the ENSes of Lyon, Paris-Saclay, and Rennes), in Italy (at the Scuola Normale Superiore in Pisa[18]), in Romania, in China and in former French colonies such as Morocco, Mali, Mauritania, and Cameroon. The ENS de Lyon is part of the Université de Lyon and supports quality research that has earned it a Fields medal (Cedric Villani, 2010) and many CNRS medals. Many of its students belonged to the French Communist Party. Attualmente sul territorio francese esistono altre due Écoles normales supérieures : Il contenuto è disponibile in base alla licenza, Ultima modifica il 26 giu 2019 alle 18:05, https://it.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=École_normale_supérieure_de_Lyon&oldid=106064937, licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione-Condividi allo stesso modo. During its history and due to the far reach of the French Empire during the colonial era, many schools have been created around the world based on the ENS model, from Haiti (in Port-au-Prince) to Vietnam (in Hanoi) to the Maghreb (in Tunis, Casablanca, Oran, and Rabat to name but a few) and Subsaharan Africa (in Nouakchott, Libreville, Yaoundé, Dakar, Niamey, Bangui for example). The inaugural course was given on 20 January 1795 and the last on 19 May of the same year at the Museum of Natural History. The cost of travel to and from the country is not included in these estimates. Around this same period Algerian novelist, essayist and filmmaker Assia Djebar, who would become one of the most prominent voices of Arab feminism, was a student at the school, as well as Belgian writer Éric-Emmanuel Schmitt. However, women were not explicitly barred entry until a law of 1940, and some women were students at Ulm before this date, such as philosopher Simone Weil[27] and classicist Jacqueline de Romilly. As for economics, its history at the school is less long, as it was not among the subjects first taught at the school. [40] It also has eight departments in its "Letters" section: philosophy,[41] literature,[42] history,[43] classics,[44] social science,[45] economics[46] (this section is the base of Paris School of Economics),[47] geography,[48] and art history and theory. The École normale supérieure (French pronunciation: ​[ekɔl nɔʁmal sypeʁjœʁ]; also known as Normale sup', Ulm, ENS Paris, l'École, and most often just as ENS) is one of the most selective and prestigious[6] graduate schools in Paris, France. [62] It has been hosting an antenna of New York University's Erich Maria Remarque Institute since 2007. Although it is seldom applied in practice, this exclusivity clause is redeemable (often by the hiring firm). ENS has two main sections (literary and scientific) and a highly competitive selection process consisting of written and oral examinations. The ranks of the school were significantly reduced during the First World War, but the 1920s marked a degree of expansion of the school, which had among its students at this time such figures as Raymond Aron, Jean-Paul Sartre, Vladimir Jankélévitch and Maurice Merleau-Ponty. [20] The concours, called B/L (the A/L concours standing for the traditional letters and human sciences), greatly emphasises proficiency in mathematics and economics alongside training in philosophy and literature. The first ENS was founded after the French Revolution and has since produced such great minds as Louis Pasteur, Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone Weil. The seat of the school's physics and chemistry departments, inaugurated in 1936 by Léon Blum and Albert Lebrun, lies North of the school on rue Lhomond, while further up the rue d'Ulm its number 29 houses secondary libraries and the school's department of cognitive sciences. The vast majority of the academic staff hosted at ENS belong to external academic institutions such as the CNRS, the EHESS and the University of Paris. This mechanism for constant scientific turnover allows ENS to benefit from a continuous stream of researchers in all fields. These exchange and cooperation programs link ENS with universities such as the University of Beijing in China, Freie Universität Berlin in Germany, the universities of Cambridge, Edinburgh and Oxford in the United Kingdom, Trinity College in Dublin, McGill University in Montréal, and the universities at Berkeley, Columbia, Cornell, Harvard, Princeton, Stanford, and Yale in the United States.[64]. The principal goal of ENS is the training of professors, researchers and public administrators. Lyon is known as the gastronomic capital of Franc... A small island nation home to around 4.5 million people located in... Use at least 6 characters and one numeral, tommy and 105 others shortlisted this university. WC2R 2LS École Normale Supérieure de Lyon (ENS Lyon) is a French institution based in the city of Lyon. [21] This helped it gain some stability, which was further established under the direction of Louis Pasteur. For more in-depth information about QS Stars, please. After the July Revolution, the school regained its original name of École normale and in 1845 was renamed École normale supérieure. The school's fifteen departments and its 35 units of research (unités mixtes de recherches or UMR in French) work in close coordination with other public French research institutions such as the CNRS. ENS also welcomes selected foreign students (the "international selection"), participates in various graduate programs, and has extensive research laboratories. For a long time, most women were taught at a separate ENS, the École normale supérieure de jeunes filles at Sèvres. École normale supérieure de Lyon | 11.900 follower su LinkedIn | www.ens-lyon.fr www.alumni.ens-lyon.fr | S’appuyant sur la tradition française d’excellence des Écoles normales supérieures, l’ENS de Lyon forme les cadres de l’enseignement supérieur et de la recherche en France et dans le monde. IÉSEG School of Management, Lille - Paris, France, Find your perfect University program with our matching tool, Find your perfect School and Program with our matching tool, Connect with other students on our forums. QS World University Ranking. Join QS Leap, the most advanced free test-prep platform in the world. As one of France’s four Écoles Normales Supériores, the École Normale Supérieure (ENS) de Lyon is a premier institution of research and learning. [9] During their studies, many ENS students hold the status of paid civil servants.[10][11]. All rights reserved. However, Gérard Debreu won the 1983 Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, and there is a growing output of economists from ENS, as evidenced by the young generation of French economists represented by Emmanuel Saez, winner of the 2009 John Bates Clark Medal, Esther Duflo, who won the same medal in 2010 and the Nobel prize in 2019, and Thomas Piketty, author of the 2013 bestseller Capital in the Twenty-First Century. L'école forme des enseignants et des cadres pour les organismes de recherche, les administrations et les entreprises. [12] The school has achieved particular recognition in the fields of mathematics and physics as one of France's foremost scientific training grounds, along with notability in the human sciences as the spiritual birthplace of authors such as Julien Gracq, Jean Giraudoux, Assia Djebar, and Charles Péguy, philosophers such as Henri Bergson, Jean-Paul Sartre, Louis Althusser, Simone Weil, Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Alain Badiou, social scientists such as Émile Durkheim, Raymond Aron, and Pierre Bourdieu, and "French theorists" such as Michel Foucault and Jacques Derrida. It is usually at least a 60% average prior to departure, however this can vary amongst departments. Two ENS philosophers won the Nobel Prize in Literature for their writings, Henri Bergson and Jean-Paul Sartre. Considerate come facenti parte della struttura delle Grandes écoles, esse sono la tutela del ministero dell'educazione nazionale. It is ranked as the second "small university" worldwide behind California Institute of Technology by the 2016 Times Higher Education Smaller Universities Ranking (a ranking of institutions of less than 5000 students). Normale sup', ENS Ulm, Ulm, ENS Paris, ENS. The closest one, opposite the main entrance, at 46 rue d'Ulm, houses the school's biology department and laboratories as well as a part of its student residences. [68] It contributes to the development of the school, most notably by encouraging and facilitating the reception of foreign students and researchers. Building on the success of the original school, ENS Lyon was founded in 1880. Sometimes this will mean showing financial evidence for a specific amount, so please pay attention to the advice on this from the host institution. Its educational project being based on research, ENS seeks to train its students to become researchers. One of the school's foremost specialities has always been the teaching of history, and as such it has produced a large number of renowned historians who have been important in the development of their subject, starting with Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges, Ernest Lavisse and Jérôme Carcopino, all students of the school in the second half of the nineteenth century who later would come back to direct it. The school continued to expand and include new subjects, seeking to cover all the disciplines of natural and social sciences. The campus in Lyon is located close to the city centre with good public transport links. [18] ENS and its Italian twin have retained very close links since this time and since 1988 a special partnership has 80 normaliens going to Pisa every year while half the class of the SNS spend a year at the Paris school. [23] The first female student - Marguerite Rouvière - was accepted in 1910, which made headline news in France and polarised opinion. [59] The school is a member of the Conference of University Presidents and of the Conference of Grandes Ecoles. Normaliens from France and other European Union countries are considered civil servants in training. In 1940 former student Henri Cartan was appointed professor at the school like his father Élie Cartan, carrying the school's importance in the field still further with his work in algebraic topology. [19] The establishment was opened in 1810, its strict code including a mandatory uniform. ENS Lyon's 2,300 students are seen as civil servants in training, and are expected to work for France in exchange for financial support during university. This period of his teaching is significant as it is the one in which it acquired "a much larger audience" than before and represented a "change of front" from his previous work. "Report on the 1964 Seminar". Important: Final decision on students' study abroad application to their host institution rests entirely with that host institution. Dufay, François & Dufort, Pierre-Bertrand. Preparation for the concours takes place in preparatory classes which last two years (see grandes écoles). [33] Since 2016 Phd students preparing their doctoral research at ENS are awarded a PhD from PSL University. École Normale Supérieure de Lyon is one of the top Public universities in Lyon, France. Évariste Galois, the founder of Galois theory and group theory, was an early student at ENS, then still called École préparatoire, in the 1820s, at the same time as fellow mathematician Augustin Cournot.
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